structure:
pubchem-id: 11463
synonyms: Terpinolene
p-Menth-1,4(8)-diene
p-Meth-1-en-8-yl-formate
1,4(8)-p-Menthadiene
1-Methyl-4-(1-methylethylidene)cyclohexene
1-Methyl-4-isopropylidene-1-cyclohexene
4-Isopropylidene-1-methylcyclohexene
586-62-9
69073-38-7
AI3-24378
Cyclohexene, 1-methyl-4-(1-methylethylidene)-
Cyclohexene, 3-methyl-6-(1-methylethylidene)- (9CI)
EINECS 209-578-0
FEMA No. 3046
FEMA Number 3046
HSDB 5702
Isoterpinene
Nofmer TP
Tereben
Terpinolen
Terpinolene [UN2541] [Flammable liquid]
UN2541
p-Mentha-1,4(8)-diene
1,4(8)-Terpadiene
86485_FLUKA
supply info: supplier: supply-code:
Sigma AldrichFLUKA-86484
Sigma AldrichW304603
chem. class: Monoterpenes
Hydrocarbons
species: Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis
family: Amaryllidaceae
reference: Arai, T. 1994. Volatile compounds of Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis flowers. Nippon Koryo Kyokai 184:105--111.
species: Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
family: Nelumbonaceae
reference: Nakanishi, H. & K. Yomogida. 1999. The scent of lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.) flower. Nippon Koryo Kyokai 201:101--110.
species: Malus sp.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Baraldi, R., F. Rapparini, F. Rossi, A. Latella & P. Ciccioli. 1999. Volatile organic compound emission from flowers of the most occurring and economically important species of fruit trees. Phys. Chem. Earth 24:729--732.
species: Acleisanthes acutifolia Standl.
family: Nyctaginaceae
reference: Levin, R. A., R. A. Raguso & L. A. McDade. 2001. Fragrance chemistry and pollinator affinities in Nyctaginaceae. Phytochemistry 58:429--440.
species: Acleisanthes crassifolia A. Gray
family: Nyctaginaceae
reference: Levin, R. A., R. A. Raguso & L. A. McDade. 2001. Fragrance chemistry and pollinator affinities in Nyctaginaceae. Phytochemistry 58:429--440.
species: Acleisanthes obtusa (Choisy) Standl.
family: Nyctaginaceae
reference: Levin, R. A., R. A. Raguso & L. A. McDade. 2001. Fragrance chemistry and pollinator affinities in Nyctaginaceae. Phytochemistry 58:429--440.
species: Acleisanthes wrightii (A. Gray) Benth. & Hook.
family: Nyctaginaceae
reference: Levin, R. A., R. A. Raguso & L. A. McDade. 2001. Fragrance chemistry and pollinator affinities in Nyctaginaceae. Phytochemistry 58:429--440.
species: Mirabilis bigelovii A. Gray
family: Nyctaginaceae
reference: Levin, R. A., R. A. Raguso & L. A. McDade. 2001. Fragrance chemistry and pollinator affinities in Nyctaginaceae. Phytochemistry 58:429--440.
species: Mirabilis longiflora L.
family: Nyctaginaceae
reference: Levin, R. A., R. A. Raguso & L. A. McDade. 2001. Fragrance chemistry and pollinator affinities in Nyctaginaceae. Phytochemistry 58:429--440.
species: Mirabilis multiflora (Torrey) A. Gray
family: Nyctaginaceae
reference: Levin, R. A., R. A. Raguso & L. A. McDade. 2001. Fragrance chemistry and pollinator affinities in Nyctaginaceae. Phytochemistry 58:429--440.
species: Mirabilis pudica Barneby
family: Nyctaginaceae
reference: Levin, R. A., R. A. Raguso & L. A. McDade. 2001. Fragrance chemistry and pollinator affinities in Nyctaginaceae. Phytochemistry 58:429--440.
species: Selinocarpus lanceolatus Wooton
family: Nyctaginaceae
reference: Levin, R. A., R. A. Raguso & L. A. McDade. 2001. Fragrance chemistry and pollinator affinities in Nyctaginaceae. Phytochemistry 58:429--440.
species: Selinocarpus parvifolius (Torrey) Stanley
family: Nyctaginaceae
reference: Levin, R. A., R. A. Raguso & L. A. McDade. 2001. Fragrance chemistry and pollinator affinities in Nyctaginaceae. Phytochemistry 58:429--440.
species: Selinocarpus purpusianus Heimerl.
family: Nyctaginaceae
reference: Levin, R. A., R. A. Raguso & L. A. McDade. 2001. Fragrance chemistry and pollinator affinities in Nyctaginaceae. Phytochemistry 58:429--440.
species: Dendrobium sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Dryadella edwallii
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Encyclia sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Polystachya sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Cattleya sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Phlox bryoides
family: Polemoniaceae
reference: Raguso, R. A. & B. A. Roy. 1998. “Floral” scent production by Puccinia rust fungi that mimic flowers. Molecular Ecol. 7:1127--1136.
species: Sauromatum guttatum Schott
family: Araceae
reference: Hadacek, F. & M. Weber. 2002. Club-shaped organs as additional osmophores within the Sauromatum inflorescence: odour analysis, ultrastructural changes and pollination aspects. Plant Biol. 4:367--383.
species: Viola etrusca Erben
family: Violaceae
reference: Flamini, G., P. L. Cioni & I. Morelli. 2002. Analysis of the essential oil of the aerial parts of Viola etrusca from Monte Labbro (South Tuscany, Italy) and in vivo analysis of flower volatiles using SPME. Flav. Fragr. J. 17:147--149.
species: Laurus nobilis L.
family: Lauraceae
reference: Flamini, G., P. L. Cioni & I.Morelli. 2002. Differences in the fragrances of pollen and different floral parts of male and female flowers of Laurus nobilis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 50:4647--4652.
species: Daphne mezereum L.
family: Thymelaeaceae
reference: Andersson, S., L. A. Nilsson, I. Groth & G. Bergström. 2002. Floral scents in butterfly-pollinated plants: possible convergence in chemical composition. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 140:129--153.
species: Primula farinosa L.
family: Primulaceae
reference: Andersson, S., L. A. Nilsson, I. Groth & G. Bergström. 2002. Floral scents in butterfly-pollinated plants: possible convergence in chemical composition. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 140:129--153.
species: Warszewiczia coccinea (Vahl) Kl.
family: Rubiaceae
reference: Andersson, S., L. A. Nilsson, I. Groth & G. Bergström. 2002. Floral scents in butterfly-pollinated plants: possible convergence in chemical composition. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 140:129--153.
species: Magnolia sp.
family: Magnoliaceae
reference: Thien, L. B., Heimermann, W. H. & R. T. Holman. 1975. Floral odors and quantitative taxonomy of Magnolia and Liriodendron. Taxon 24:557--568.
species: Zygogynum sp.
family: Winteraceae
reference: Thien, L. B., Bernhardt, P., Gibbs, G. W., Pellmyr, O., Bergström, G., Groth, I. & G. McPherson. 1985. The pollination of Zygogynum (Winteraceae) by a moth, Sabatinca (Micropterigidae): An ancient association?. Science 227:540--543.
species: Picea abies
family: Pinaceae
reference: Borg-Karlson, A.-K., Eidmann, H. H., Lindström, M., Norin, T. & N. Wiersma. 1985. Odoriferous compounds from the flowers of the conifers Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris and Larix sibirica. Phytochemistry 24:455--456.
species: Pinus sylvestris
family: Pinaceae
reference: Borg-Karlson, A.-K., Eidmann, H. H., Lindström, M., Norin, T. & N. Wiersma. 1985. Odoriferous compounds from the flowers of the conifers Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris and Larix sibirica. Phytochemistry 24:455--456.
species: Larix sibirica
family: Pinaceae
reference: Borg-Karlson, A.-K., Eidmann, H. H., Lindström, M., Norin, T. & N. Wiersma. 1985. Odoriferous compounds from the flowers of the conifers Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris and Larix sibirica. Phytochemistry 24:455--456.
species: Rosa sp.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Sirikulvadhana, S., W. G. Jennings & G. Vogel. 1975. Collection of flower aroma concentrates for gas chromatographic analysis. Flavours Food Addit. 6:126--128.
species: Gongora sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Williams, N. H. & W. M. Whitten. 1983. Orchid floral fragrances and male euglossine bees: methods and advances in the last sesquidecade. Biol. Bull. 164:355--395.
species: Galeottia sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Macrozamia moorei
family: Zamiaceae
reference: Pellmyr, O., W. Tang, I. Groth, G. Bergström & L. B. Thien. 1991. Cycad cone and angiosperm floral volatiles: infrences for the evolution of insect pollination. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 19:623--627.
species: Clowesia sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Williams, N. H. & W. M. Whitten. 1983. Orchid floral fragrances and male euglossine bees: methods and advances in the last sesquidecade. Biol. Bull. 164:355--395.
species: Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
family: Nelumbonaceae
reference: Omata, A., K. Yomogida, S. Nakamura, T. Ohta, Y. Izawa & S. Watanabe. 1991. The scent of Lotus flowers. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3:221--227.
species: Gustavia longifolia Poeppig ex. Berg
family: Lecythidaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & S. A. Mori. 1996. Floral scents and pollination in neotropical Lecythidaceae. Biotropica 28:42--60.
species: Couroupita guianensis Aublet
family: Lecythidaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & S. A. Mori. 1996. Floral scents and pollination in neotropical Lecythidaceae. Biotropica 28:42--60.
species: Grias neuberthii Macbr.
family: Lecythidaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & S. A. Mori. 1996. Floral scents and pollination in neotropical Lecythidaceae. Biotropica 28:42--60.
species: Pyrola rotundifolia L.
family: Ericaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. 1994. Floral scent variation in the Pyrola rotundifolia complex in Scandinavia and Western Greenland. Nord. J. Bot. 14:277--282.
species: Santolina chamaecyparissus
family: Asteraceae
reference: Brunke, E.-J., F.-J. Hammerschmidt & G. Schmaus. 1992. L'huile essentielle de Santolina chamaecyparissus L.. Dragoco Report 39:151--167.
species: Nelumbo lutea
family: Nelumbonaceae
reference: Omata, A., K. Yomogida, S. Nakamura, T. Ohta, Y. Izawa & S. Watanabe. 1989. The odour of Lotus (Nelumbonaceae) flower. Pages 43--48 in C. Bhattacharygas, Sen, N. & K. L. Sethi (eds.), 11th Int. Congr. Ess. Oils F & F Proceedings, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi.
species: Nelumbo lutea x nucifera
family: Nelumbonaceae
reference: Omata, A., K. Yomogida, S. Nakamura, T. Ohta, Y. Izawa & S. Watanabe. 1989. The odour of Lotus (Nelumbonaceae) flower. Pages 43--48 in C. Bhattacharygas, Sen, N. & K. L. Sethi (eds.), 11th Int. Congr. Ess. Oils F & F Proceedings, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi.
species: Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
family: Nelumbonaceae
reference: Omata, A., K. Yomogida, S. Nakamura, T. Ohta, Y. Izawa & S. Watanabe. 1989. The odour of Lotus (Nelumbonaceae) flower. Pages 43--48 in C. Bhattacharygas, Sen, N. & K. L. Sethi (eds.), 11th Int. Congr. Ess. Oils F & F Proceedings, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi.
species: Hedychium coronarium König
family: Zingiberaceae
reference: Matsumoto, F., H. Idetsuki, K. Harada, I. Nohara & T. Toyoda. 1993. Volatile components of Hedychium coronarium Koenig flowers. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5:123--133.
species: Malus silvestris (L.) Mill.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Buchbauer, G., L. Jirovetz, M. Wasicky & A. Nikiforov. 1993. Headspace and essential oil analysis of apple flowers. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41:116--118.
species: Petasites albus
family: Asteraceae
reference: Brunke, E.-J., F.-J. Hammerschmidt & G. Schmaus. 1993. Analyses "headspace" de plantes médicinales. Parfums Cosmetique Aromes 110:45--56.
species: Lecythis confertiflora (A. C. Smith) Mori
family: Lecythidaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & S. A. Mori. 1996. Floral scents and pollination in neotropical Lecythidaceae. Biotropica 28:42--60.
species: Anthriscus sylvestris
family: Apiaceae
reference: Borg-Karlson, A.-K., I. Valterová & L. A. Nilsson. 1994. Volatile compounds from flowers of six species in the family Apiaceae: Boquets for different pollinators. Phytochemistry 35:111--119.
species: Laserpitium latifolium
family: Apiaceae
reference: Borg-Karlson, A.-K., I. Valterová & L. A. Nilsson. 1994. Volatile compounds from flowers of six species in the family Apiaceae: Boquets for different pollinators. Phytochemistry 35:111--119.
species: Pastinaca sativa
family: Apiaceae
reference: Borg-Karlson, A.-K., I. Valterová & L. A. Nilsson. 1994. Volatile compounds from flowers of six species in the family Apiaceae: Boquets for different pollinators. Phytochemistry 35:111--119.
species: Parmentiera alata Miers.
family: Bignoniaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & L. Tollsten. 1995. Floral scent in bat-pollinated plants: a case of convergent evolution. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 119:45--57.
species: Brugmansia x candida Pers.
family: Solanaceae
reference: Kite, G. C. & . Leon. 1995. Volatile compounds emitted from flowers and leaves of Brugmansia x Candida (Solanaceae). Phytochemistry 40:1093--1095.
species: Arum maculatum L.
family: Araceae
reference: Kite, G. C. 1995. The floral odour of Arum maculatum. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 23:343--354.
species: Sauromatum guttatum Schott
family: Araceae
reference: Skubatz, H., D. D. Kunkel, W. N. Howald, R. Trenkle & B. Mookherjee. 1996. The Sauromatum guttatum appendix as an osmophore: excretory pathways, composition of volatiles and attractiveness to insects. New Phytol. 134:631--640.
species: Anthurium ochranthum C. Koch
family: Araceae
reference: Kuanprasert, N., A. R. Kuehnle & C. S. Tang. 1998. Floral fragrance compounds of Anthurium (Araceae) species and hybrids. Phytochemistry 49:521--528.
species: Anthurium roseospadix
family: Araceae
reference: Kuanprasert, N., A. R. Kuehnle & C. S. Tang. 1998. Floral fragrance compounds of Anthurium (Araceae) species and hybrids. Phytochemistry 49:521--528.
species: Anthurium armeniense
family: Araceae
reference: Kuanprasert, N., A. R. Kuehnle & C. S. Tang. 1998. Floral fragrance compounds of Anthurium (Araceae) species and hybrids. Phytochemistry 49:521--528.
species: Magnolia grandiflora L.
family: Magnoliaceae
reference: Azuma, H., Y. Toyota, Y. Asakawa, R. Yamaoka, J. G. Garcia-Franco, G. Dieringer, L. B. Thien & S. Kawano. 1997. Chemical divergence in floral scents of Magnolia and allied genera (Magnoliaceae). Pl. Spec. Biol. 12:69--83.
species: Magnolia tamaulipana
family: Magnoliaceae
reference: Azuma, H., Y. Toyota, Y. Asakawa, R. Yamaoka, J. G. Garcia-Franco, G. Dieringer, L. B. Thien & S. Kawano. 1997. Chemical divergence in floral scents of Magnolia and allied genera (Magnoliaceae). Pl. Spec. Biol. 12:69--83.
species: Magnolia pyramidata Bartr.
family: Magnoliaceae
reference: Azuma, H., Y. Toyota, Y. Asakawa, R. Yamaoka, J. G. Garcia-Franco, G. Dieringer, L. B. Thien & S. Kawano. 1997. Chemical divergence in floral scents of Magnolia and allied genera (Magnoliaceae). Pl. Spec. Biol. 12:69--83.
species: Mauritia flexuosa L. f.
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T., L. Tollsten & F. Ervik. 2001. Flower scent and pollination in selected neotropical palms. Pl. Biol. 3:642--653.
species: Catasetum sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1997. New or uncommon volatile compounds in the most diverse natural scents. Revista Italiana Eppos 18:18--47.
species: Chimonanthus nitens Olivier
family: Calycanthaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1997. New or uncommon volatile compounds in the most diverse natural scents. Revista Italiana Eppos 18:18--47.
species: Bauhinia ungulata
family: Fabaceae
reference: Bestmann, H. G., L. Winkler, & O. von Helversen. 1997. Headspace analysis of volatile flower scent constituents of bat-pollinated plants. Phytochemistry 46:1169--1172.
species: Geonoma congesta H. Wendl.
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. 1999. Floral scent chemistry in geonomoid palms (Palmae: Geonomeae) and its importance in maintaining reproductive isolation. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83:141--168.
species: Geonoma macrostachys pop. mauritia
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. 1999. Floral scent chemistry in geonomoid palms (Palmae: Geonomeae) and its importance in maintaining reproductive isolation. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83:141--168.
species: Geonoma macrostachys Mart. var. macrostachys
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. 1999. Floral scent chemistry in geonomoid palms (Palmae: Geonomeae) and its importance in maintaining reproductive isolation. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83:141--168.
species: Geonoma undata Klotsch.
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. 1999. Floral scent chemistry in geonomoid palms (Palmae: Geonomeae) and its importance in maintaining reproductive isolation. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83:141--168.
species: Arum maculatum L.
family: Araceae
reference: Kite, G. C., W. L. A. Hetterscheid, M. J. Lewis, P. C. Boyce, J. Ollerton, E. Cocklin, A. Diaz & M. S. J. Simmonds. 1998. Inflorescence odours and pollinators of Arum and Amorphophallus (Araceae). Pages 295--315 in S. J. Owens & P. J. Rudall (eds.), Reproductive biology. Royal Botanic Garden
species: Convallaria majalis L.
family: Ruscaceae
reference: Mack, H. & M. Köpsel. 1973. Die Blütenöle des Maiglöckchens und des Flieders. Parfümerie Kosmetik 54:233--237.
species: Browneopsis disepala (Little) Klitgaard
family: Fabaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & B. B. Klitgaard. 1998. Floral scent and pollination in Browneopsis disepala (Caesalpinaceae). Brittonia 50:174--182.
species: Parkia biglobosa Jacq.
family: Fabaceae
reference: Pettersson, S. & J. T. Knudsen. 2001. Floral scent and nectar production in Parkia biglobosa Jacq. (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 135:97--106.
species: Tilia flores Mill
family: Malvaceae
reference: Buchbauer, G., B. Remberg & L. Jirovetz. 1995. Comparative headspace analysis of living and fresh cut lime tree flowers (Tiliae flores). Flav. Frag. J. 10:221--224.
molecular weight: 136.23