structure:
pubchem-id: 2758
synonyms: 1,8-Cineole
1,8-Epoxy-p-menthane
Eucalyptol
1,8-oxido-p-menthane
470-82-6
CHEBI:27961
Zineol
cajeputol
cineole
NSC6171
1,3,3-Trimethyl-2-oxabicyclo[2.2.2]octane
1,8-Cineol
supply info: supplier: supply-code:
ACROS Organcis11034
Alfa AesarA12269
Pfaltz and BauerC00770
Sigma AldrichFLUKA-29210
TimTec Inc.ST934131
Sigma AldrichW246506
chem. class: Monoterpenes
Ethers
species: Ficus beccarii
family: Moraceae
reference: Grison, L., A. A. Edwards & M. Hossaert-McKey. 1999. Interspecies variation in floral fragrances emitted by tropical Ficus species. Phytochemistry 52:1293--1299.
species: Ficus fulva
family: Moraceae
reference: Grison, L., A. A. Edwards & M. Hossaert-McKey. 1999. Interspecies variation in floral fragrances emitted by tropical Ficus species. Phytochemistry 52:1293--1299.
species: Ficus punctata
family: Moraceae
reference: Grison, L., A. A. Edwards & M. Hossaert-McKey. 1999. Interspecies variation in floral fragrances emitted by tropical Ficus species. Phytochemistry 52:1293--1299.
species: Ficus punctata
family: Moraceae
reference: Grison, L., A. A. Edwards & M. Hossaert-McKey. 1999. Interspecies variation in floral fragrances emitted by tropical Ficus species. Phytochemistry 52:1293--1299.
species: Pelargonium endlicherianum Fenzl
family: Geraniaceae
reference: Bozan, B., T. Ozek, M. Kurkcuoglu, N. Kirimer & K. H. C. Baser. 1999. The analysis of essential oil and headspace volatiles of the flowers of Pelargonium endlicherianum used as an anthelmintic in folk medicine. Planta Med. 65:781--782.
species: Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis
family: Amaryllidaceae
reference: Arai, T. 1994. Volatile compounds of Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis flowers. Nippon Koryo Kyokai 184:105--111.
species: Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
family: Nelumbonaceae
reference: Nakanishi, H. & K. Yomogida. 1999. The scent of lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.) flower. Nippon Koryo Kyokai 201:101--110.
species: Dianthus caryophyllus
family: Caryophyllaceae
reference: Clery, R. A., N. E. Owen & S. F. Chambers. 1999. An investigation into the scents of carnations. J. Ess. Oil Res. 11:355--359.
species: Anaxagorea brevipes Benth.
family: Annonaceae
reference: Jürgens, A., A. C. Webber & G. Gottsberger. 2000. Floral scent compounds of Amazonian Annonaceae species pollinated by small beetles and thrips. Phytochemistry 55:551--558.
species: Macoubea guianensis
family: Apocynaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 2000. Scents from rain forests. Chimia 54:346--363.
species: Cochleanthes sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Coelogyne zurowetzii
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Coryanthes sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Cymbidium sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Dendrobium sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Dichaea sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Dryadella edwallii
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Embreea rodigasiana (Claes. ex. Cogn.) Dodson
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Encyclia sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Epidendrum sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Gongora sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Huntleya sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Laelia sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Lycaste sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Masdevallia sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Maxillaria sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Miltonia sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Nigritella nigra
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Oncidium sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Peristeria sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Pescatorea sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Rhynchostylis coelestis
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Stanhopea sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Trichocentrum tigrinum
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Vanda sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Aerangis sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Aerides sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Anguloa sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Brassavola sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Brassia verucosa
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Catasetum sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Cattleya sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Cirrhaea sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Syringa vulgaris L.
family: Oleaceae
reference: Brunke, E.-J., F.-J. Hammerschmidt & G. Schmaus. 1992. L'analyse headspace des fragrances de fleurs. Dragoco Report 39:3--31.
species: Phlox bryoides
family: Polemoniaceae
reference: Raguso, R. A. & B. A. Roy. 1998. “Floral” scent production by Puccinia rust fungi that mimic flowers. Molecular Ecol. 7:1127--1136.
species: Rosa hybrida L.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Kim, H.-J., K. Kim, N.-S. Kim & D.-S. Lee. 2000. Determination of floral fragrances of Rosa hybrida using solid-phase trapping-solvent extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J. Chromatography A, 902:389--404.
species: Luffa acutangula
family: Cucurbitaceae
reference: Fernando, L. N. & I. U. Grün. 2001. headspace-SPME analysis of volatiles of the ridge gourd (Luffa acutangula) and bitter gourd (Momordica charantia) flowers. Flav. Frag. J. 16:289--293.
species: Momordica charantia
family: Cucurbitaceae
reference: Fernando, L. N. & I. U. Grün. 2001. headspace-SPME analysis of volatiles of the ridge gourd (Luffa acutangula) and bitter gourd (Momordica charantia) flowers. Flav. Frag. J. 16:289--293.
species: Silene latifolia Poiret ssp. alba (Mill.) Greut. & Burd.
family: Caryophyllaceae
reference: Jürgens, A., T. Witt & G. Gottsberger. 2002. Flower scent composition in night-flowering Silene species (Caryophyllaceae). Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 30:383--397.
species: Silene sericea All.
family: Caryophyllaceae
reference: Jürgens, A., T. Witt & G. Gottsberger. 2002. Flower scent composition in night-flowering Silene species (Caryophyllaceae). Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 30:383--397.
species: Silene subconica Friv.
family: Caryophyllaceae
reference: Jürgens, A., T. Witt & G. Gottsberger. 2002. Flower scent composition in night-flowering Silene species (Caryophyllaceae). Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 30:383--397.
species: Silene vallesia L.
family: Caryophyllaceae
reference: Jürgens, A., T. Witt & G. Gottsberger. 2002. Flower scent composition in night-flowering Silene species (Caryophyllaceae). Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 30:383--397.
species: Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke
family: Caryophyllaceae
reference: Jürgens, A., T. Witt & G. Gottsberger. 2002. Flower scent composition in night-flowering Silene species (Caryophyllaceae). Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 30:383--397.
species: Viola etrusca Erben
family: Violaceae
reference: Flamini, G., P. L. Cioni & I. Morelli. 2002. Analysis of the essential oil of the aerial parts of Viola etrusca from Monte Labbro (South Tuscany, Italy) and in vivo analysis of flower volatiles using SPME. Flav. Fragr. J. 17:147--149.
species: Ficus condensa
family: Moraceae
reference: Grison-Pigé, L., J.-M. Bessière & M. Hossaert-McKey. 2002. Specific attraction of fig-pollinating wasps: role of volatile compounds released by tropical figs. J. Chem. Ecol. 28:283--295.
species: Laurus nobilis L.
family: Lauraceae
reference: Flamini, G., P. L. Cioni & I.Morelli. 2002. Differences in the fragrances of pollen and different floral parts of male and female flowers of Laurus nobilis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 50:4647--4652.
species: Spathiphyllum cannaefolium (Dryand.) Schott
family: Araceae
reference: Lewis, J. A., Moore, C. J., Fletcher, M. T., Drew, R. A. & W. Kitching. 1988. Volatile compounds from flowers of Spathiphyllum cannaefolium. Phytochemistry 27:2755--2757.
species: Magnolia sp.
family: Magnoliaceae
reference: Thien, L. B., Heimermann, W. H. & R. T. Holman. 1975. Floral odors and quantitative taxonomy of Magnolia and Liriodendron. Taxon 24:557--568.
species: Nicotiana sp.
family: Solanaceae
reference: Loughrin, J. H., Hamilton-Kemp, T. R., Andersen, R. A. & D. F. Hildebrand. 1990. Headspace compounds from flowers of Nicotiana tabacum and related species. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38:455--460.
species: Nicotiana otophora Gresebach
family: Solanaceae
reference: Loughrin, J. H., Hamilton-Kemp, T. R., Andersen, R. A. & D. F. Hildebrand. 1990. Volatiles from flowers of Nicotiana sylvestris, N. otophora, and Malus x domestica: headspace components and day/night changes in their relative concentrations. Phytochemistry 29:2473--2477.
species: Salix sp.
family: Salicaceae
reference: Tollsten, L. & J. T. Knudsen. 1992. Floral scent in dioecious Salix (Salicaceae) - a cue determining the pollination system?. Pl. Syst. Evol. 182:229--237.
species: Coryanthes sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1989. Fragrance analysis, an aid to taxonomic relationships of the genus Coryanthes (Orchidaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 168:159--165.
species: Aglaia odorata Lour.
family: Meliaceae
reference: Wang, T., A. Huang, Y. Sun, Z. Wu & M. Liu. 1986. Isolation and identification of the constituents of volatiles of dry flowers of Aglaia odorata Lour. Acta Bot. Sin. 28:504--510.
species: Orchis mascula L.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Nilsson, L. A. 1983. Anthecology of Orchis mascula (Orchidaceae). Nord. J. Bot. 3:157--179.
species: Hoya carnosa R. Br.
family: Apocynaceae
reference: Altenburger, R. & P. Matile. 1988. Circadian rhythmicity of fragrance emission in flowers of Hoya carnosa R. Br. Planta 174:248--252.
species: Actinidia chinensis Planch.
family: Actinidiaceae
reference: Tatsuka, K., S. Suekane, S. Sakai & H. Sumitani. 1990. Volatile constituents of Kiwi fruit flowers: simultaneous distillation and extraction versus headspace sampling. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38:2176--2180.
species: Anguloa cliftonii Rolfe
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Hills, H. G., Williams, N. H. & C. H. Dodson. 1968. Identification of some orchid fragrance components. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 37:967--971.
species: Centaurium erythraea Raf.
family: Gentianaceae
reference: Andersson, S., L. A. Nilsson, I. Groth & G. Bergström. 2002. Floral scents in butterfly-pollinated plants: possible convergence in chemical composition. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 140:129--153.
species: Anguloa sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Williams, N. H., Atwood, J. T. & C. H. Dodson. 1981. Floral fragrance analysis in Anguloa, Lycaste and Mendocella (Orchidaceae). Selbyana 5:291--295.
species: Centranthus ruber (L.) DC
family: Valerianaceae
reference: Andersson, S., L. A. Nilsson, I. Groth & G. Bergström. 2002. Floral scents in butterfly-pollinated plants: possible convergence in chemical composition. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 140:129--153.
species: Brassavola sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Hills, H. G., Williams, N. H. & C. H. Dodson. 1968. Identification of some orchid fragrance components. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 37:967--971.
species: Brassavola sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Williams, N. H. 1981. Floral fragrance components of Brassavola (Orchidaceae: Laeliinae). Selbyana 5:279--285.
species: Catasetum sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Hills, H. G., Williams, N. H. & C. H. Dodson. 1968. Identification of some orchid fragrance components. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 37:967--971.
species: Catasetum sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Hills, H. G., Williams, N. H. & C. H. Dodson. 1972. Floral fragrances and isolating mechanisms in the genus Catasetum (Orchidaceae). Biotropica 4:61--76.
species: Gongora sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Hills, H. G., Williams, N. H. & C. H. Dodson. 1968. Identification of some orchid fragrance components. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 37:967--971.
species: Mormodes sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Hills, H. G., Williams, N. H. & C. H. Dodson. 1968. Identification of some orchid fragrance components. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 37:967--971.
species: Sievekingia sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Hills, H. G., Williams, N. H. & C. H. Dodson. 1968. Identification of some orchid fragrance components. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 37:967--971.
species: Stanhopea sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Hills, H. G., Williams, N. H. & C. H. Dodson. 1968. Identification of some orchid fragrance components. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 37:967--971.
species: Stanhopea sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Hills, H. G. 1989. Fragrance cycling in Stanhopea pulla (Orchidaceae, Stanhopeinae) and identification of trans-limonene oxide as a major fragrance components. Lindleyana 4:61--67.
species: Angraecum sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Murrell, J. T., Williams, N. H., Pridgeon, A. M. & C. H. Dodson. 1981. Floral fragrances in Angraecum (Orchidaceae). Selbyana 5:286--290.
species: Lycaste sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Williams, N. H., Atwood, J. T. & C. H. Dodson. 1981. Floral fragrance analysis in Anguloa, Lycaste and Mendocella (Orchidaceae). Selbyana 5:291--295.
species: Aspasia sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Williams, N. H. & W. M. Whitten. 1983. Orchid floral fragrances and male euglossine bees: methods and advances in the last sesquidecade. Biol. Bull. 164:355--395.
species: Clowesia sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Williams, N. H. & W. M. Whitten. 1983. Orchid floral fragrances and male euglossine bees: methods and advances in the last sesquidecade. Biol. Bull. 164:355--395.
species: Embreea rodigasiana (Claes. ex. Cogn.) Dodson
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Williams, N. H. & W. M. Whitten. 1983. Orchid floral fragrances and male euglossine bees: methods and advances in the last sesquidecade. Biol. Bull. 164:355--395.
species: Gongora sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Williams, N. H. & W. M. Whitten. 1983. Orchid floral fragrances and male euglossine bees: methods and advances in the last sesquidecade. Biol. Bull. 164:355--395.
species: Stanhopea sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Williams, N. H. & W. M. Whitten. 1983. Orchid floral fragrances and male euglossine bees: methods and advances in the last sesquidecade. Biol. Bull. 164:355--395.
species: Vanilla sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Williams, N. H. & W. M. Whitten. 1983. Orchid floral fragrances and male euglossine bees: methods and advances in the last sesquidecade. Biol. Bull. 164:355--395.
species: Cymbidium sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Omata, A., S. Nakamura, K. Yomogida, K. Moriai, Y. Ichikawa & I. Watanabe. 1990. Volatile components of TO-YO-RAN flowers (Cymbidium faberi and Cymbidium virescens). Agric. Biol. Chem. 54:1029--1033.
species: Knautia arvensis (L.) Coulter
family: Dipsacaceae
reference: Andersson, S., L. A. Nilsson, I. Groth & G. Bergström. 2002. Floral scents in butterfly-pollinated plants: possible convergence in chemical composition. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 140:129--153.
species: Clowesia sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Hills, H. G. & N. H. Williams. 1990. Fragrance cycle of Clowesia rosea. Orquídea (Méx.) 12:19--22.
species: Acacallis cyanea Lindl.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Anguloa sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Catasetum sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Chaubardia heteroclita (Poepp. & Endl.) Dodson & Bennett
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Coryanthes sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Dressleria sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Galeandra lacustris Barb. Rodr.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Galeottia sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Gloxinia perennis (L.) Fritsch
family: Gesneriaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Gongora sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Houlletia sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Kegeliella houtteana (Rchb. f.) L. O. Wms.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Lacaena bicolor Lindl.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Lueddemannia pescatorei (Lindl.) Lindl. & Rchb. f.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Lycomormium sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Masdevallia sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Maxillaria sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Mormodes sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Notylia sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Peristeria sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Polycycnis gratiosa Endres & Rchb. f.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Sievekingia sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Spathiphyllum sp.
family: Araceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Stanhopea sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Tillandsia crocata (E. Morren) Baker
family: Bromeliaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Dalechampia spathulata (Scheidw.) Baillon
family: Euphorbiaceae
reference: Whitten, W. M., N. H. Williams, W. S. Armbuster, M. A. Battiste, L. Strekowski & N. Lindquist. 1986. Carvone oxide: an example of convergent evolution in euglossine pollinated plants. Syst. Bot. 11:222--228.
species: Aspasia sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Whitten, W. M., N. H. Williams, W. S. Armbuster, M. A. Battiste, L. Strekowski & N. Lindquist. 1986. Carvone oxide: an example of convergent evolution in euglossine pollinated plants. Syst. Bot. 11:222--228.
species: Sievekingia sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Williams, N. H., Whitten, W. M. & C. H. Dodson. 1984. Preliminary analyses of the floral fragrances of species of Acineta, Houlettia, Luddemannia, Lycomormium, Paphinia, and Sievekingia (Orchidaceae). Selbyana 7:315--317.
species: Acineta sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Williams, N. H., Whitten, W. M. & C. H. Dodson. 1984. Preliminary analyses of the floral fragrances of species of Acineta, Houlettia, Luddemannia, Lycomormium, Paphinia, and Sievekingia (Orchidaceae). Selbyana 7:315--317.
species: Lueddemannia pescatorei (Lindl.) Lindl. & Rchb. f.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Williams, N. H., Whitten, W. M. & C. H. Dodson. 1984. Preliminary analyses of the floral fragrances of species of Acineta, Houlettia, Luddemannia, Lycomormium, Paphinia, and Sievekingia (Orchidaceae). Selbyana 7:315--317.
species: Lycomormium sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Williams, N. H., Whitten, W. M. & C. H. Dodson. 1984. Preliminary analyses of the floral fragrances of species of Acineta, Houlettia, Luddemannia, Lycomormium, Paphinia, and Sievekingia (Orchidaceae). Selbyana 7:315--317.
species: Catasetum sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Whitten, W. M., N. H. Williams, W. S. Armbuster, M. A. Battiste, L. Strekowski & N. Lindquist. 1986. Carvone oxide: an example of convergent evolution in euglossine pollinated plants. Syst. Bot. 11:222--228.
species: Catasetum sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Williams, N. H. & W. M. Whitten. 1983. Orchid floral fragrances and male euglossine bees: methods and advances in the last sesquidecade. Biol. Bull. 164:355--395.
species: Tabernaemontana amygdalifolia Jacq.
family: Apocynaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & L. Tollsten. 1993. Trends in floral scent chemistry in pollination syndromes: floral scent composition in moth taxa. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 113:263--284.
species: Brugmansia suaveolens (Willd.) Bercht. & Presl.
family: Solanaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & L. Tollsten. 1993. Trends in floral scent chemistry in pollination syndromes: floral scent composition in moth taxa. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 113:263--284.
species: Hedychium coronarium König
family: Zingiberaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & L. Tollsten. 1993. Trends in floral scent chemistry in pollination syndromes: floral scent composition in moth taxa. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 113:263--284.
species: Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
family: Nelumbonaceae
reference: Omata, A., K. Yomogida, S. Nakamura, T. Ohta, Y. Izawa & S. Watanabe. 1991. The scent of Lotus flowers. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3:221--227.
species: Knautia arvensis (L.) Coulter
family: Dipsacaceae
reference: Naumann, C. M., P. Ockenfels, J. Schmitz, F. Schmidt & W. Francke. 1991. Reactions of Zygaena moths to volatile compounds of Knautia arvensis (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae). Entomol. Gener. 15:255--264.
species: Nicotiana suaveolens Lehmann
family: Solanaceae
reference: Loughrin, J. H., T. R. Hamilton-Kemp, R. A. Andersen & D. F. Hildebrand. 1991. Circadian rhythm of volatile emission from flowers of Nicotiana sylvestris and N. suaveolens. Physiol. Plant. 83:492--496.
species: Couroupita guianensis Aublet
family: Lecythidaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & S. A. Mori. 1996. Floral scents and pollination in neotropical Lecythidaceae. Biotropica 28:42--60.
species: Grias neuberthii Macbr.
family: Lecythidaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & S. A. Mori. 1996. Floral scents and pollination in neotropical Lecythidaceae. Biotropica 28:42--60.
species: Matricaria recutita L.
family: Asteraceae
reference: Brunke, E.-J., F.-J. Hammerschmidt & G. Schmaus. 1993. Flower scent of some traditional medical plants. Pages 282--295 in R. Teranishi, Buttery, R. G. & Sugisawa, H. (eds.), Bioactive volatile compounds from plants. American Chemical Soc. Symp. Ser. 525, Washington, DC.
species: Santolina chamaecyparissus
family: Asteraceae
reference: Brunke, E.-J., F.-J. Hammerschmidt & G. Schmaus. 1992. L'huile essentielle de Santolina chamaecyparissus L.. Dragoco Report 39:151--167.
species: Rosa sp.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Brunke, E.-J., F.-J. Hammerschmidt & G. Schmaus. 1992. L'analyse headspace des fragrances de fleurs. Dragoco Report 39:3--31.
species: Nicotiana suaveolens Lehmann
family: Solanaceae
reference: Loughrin, J. H., T. R. Hamilton-Kemp, H. R. Burton & R. A. Andersen. 1993. Effect of diurnal sampling on the headspace composition of detached Nicotiana suaveolens flowers. Phytochemistry 32:1417--1419.
species: Nelumbo lutea
family: Nelumbonaceae
reference: Omata, A., K. Yomogida, S. Nakamura, T. Ohta, Y. Izawa & S. Watanabe. 1989. The odour of Lotus (Nelumbonaceae) flower. Pages 43--48 in C. Bhattacharygas, Sen, N. & K. L. Sethi (eds.), 11th Int. Congr. Ess. Oils F & F Proceedings, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi.
species: Nelumbo lutea x nucifera
family: Nelumbonaceae
reference: Omata, A., K. Yomogida, S. Nakamura, T. Ohta, Y. Izawa & S. Watanabe. 1989. The odour of Lotus (Nelumbonaceae) flower. Pages 43--48 in C. Bhattacharygas, Sen, N. & K. L. Sethi (eds.), 11th Int. Congr. Ess. Oils F & F Proceedings, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi.
species: Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
family: Nelumbonaceae
reference: Omata, A., K. Yomogida, S. Nakamura, T. Ohta, Y. Izawa & S. Watanabe. 1989. The odour of Lotus (Nelumbonaceae) flower. Pages 43--48 in C. Bhattacharygas, Sen, N. & K. L. Sethi (eds.), 11th Int. Congr. Ess. Oils F & F Proceedings, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi.
species: Peristeria elata Hook.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Jirovetz, L., J. E. Gonzalez, G. Silvera, A. Nikiforov & A. Woidich. 1992. Volatile constituents of Peristeria elata (Orchidaceae). J. Ess. Oil Res. 4:435--438.
species: Hedychium coronarium König
family: Zingiberaceae
reference: Matsumoto, F., H. Idetsuki, K. Harada, I. Nohara & T. Toyoda. 1993. Volatile components of Hedychium coronarium Koenig flowers. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5:123--133.
species: Rosa sp.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Brunke, E.-J., F.-J. Hammerschmidt & G. Schmaus. 1992. Scent of roses—recent results. Flav. Fragr. J. 7:195--198.
species: Aerangis confusa
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. On the scents of orchids. Pages 240--268 in R. Teranishi, R., Buttery, R. G. & Sugisawa, H. (eds.), Bioactive volatile compounds from plants, American Chemical Soc. Symp. Ser. 525, Washington, DC.
species: Brassica napus
family: Brassicaceae
reference: Evans, K. A. & L. J. Allen-Williams. 1992. Electroantennogram responses of the cabbage seed weevil, Ceutorhynchus assimilis, to oilseed rape, Brassica napus ssp. oleifera, volatiles. J. Chem. Ecol. 18:1641--1659.
species: Lecythis confertiflora (A. C. Smith) Mori
family: Lecythidaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & S. A. Mori. 1996. Floral scents and pollination in neotropical Lecythidaceae. Biotropica 28:42--60.
species: Eschweilera coriacea (A. P. de Candolle) Mori
family: Lecythidaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & S. A. Mori. 1996. Floral scents and pollination in neotropical Lecythidaceae. Biotropica 28:42--60.
species: Aesculus hippocastanum
family: Sapindaceae
reference: Buchbauer, G., L. Jirovetz, M. Wasicky & A. Nikiforov. 1994. Volatiles of common Horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum L.) (Hippocastanaceae) blossoms. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6:93--95.
species: Exacum affine Balf. f.
family: Gentianaceae
reference: Buchbauer, G., L. Jirovetz, M. Wasicky & A. Nikiforov. 1994. Volatile constituents of Exacum affine Balf. f. flowers obtained by dynamic headspace sampling and as the essential oil. Flav. Fragr. J. 9:55--58.
species: Brassica napus
family: Brassicaceae
reference: Jakobsen, H. B., P. Friis, J. K. Nielsen & C. A Olsen. 1994. Emission of volatiles from flowers and leaves of Brassica napus in situ. Phytochemistry 37:695--699.
species: Lonicera japonica Thunb.
family: Caprifoliaceae
reference: Ikeda, N., M. Ishihara, T. Tseneya, M. Kawakita, M. Yoshihara, Y. Suzuki, R. Komaki & M. Inui. 1994. Volatile components of Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica Thunb.) flowers. Flav. Fragr. J. 9:325--331.
species: Ochroma pyramidalis (Cav.) Urb.
family: Malvaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & L. Tollsten. 1995. Floral scent in bat-pollinated plants: a case of convergent evolution. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 119:45--57.
species: Cyphomandra sciadostylis Sendt.
family: Solanaceae
reference: Sazima, M., S. Vogel, A. Cocucci & G. Hausner. 1993. The perfume flowers of Cyphomandra (Solanaceae): pollination by euglossine bees, bellows mechanism, osmophores, and volatiles. Pl. Syst. Evol. 187:51--88.
species: Cyphomandra sciadostylis Sendt.
family: Solanaceae
reference: Sazima, M., S. Vogel, A. Cocucci & G. Hausner. 1993. The perfume flowers of Cyphomandra (Solanaceae): pollination by euglossine bees, bellows mechanism, osmophores, and volatiles. Pl. Syst. Evol. 187:51--88.
species: Hesperis matronalis L.
family: Brassicaceae
reference: Nielsen, J. K., B. Jakobsen, P. Friis, K. Hansen, J. Møller & C. A. Olsen. 1995. Asynchronous rhythms in the emission of volatiles from Hesperis matronalis flowers. Phytochemistry 38:847--851.
species: Cyphomandra hartwegii (Miers) Dunal
family: Solanaceae
reference: Sazima, M., S. Vogel, A. Cocucci & G. Hausner. 1993. The perfume flowers of Cyphomandra (Solanaceae): pollination by euglossine bees, bellows mechanism, osmophores, and volatiles. Pl. Syst. Evol. 187:51--88.
species: Brugmansia x candida Pers.
family: Solanaceae
reference: Kite, G. C. & . Leon. 1995. Volatile compounds emitted from flowers and leaves of Brugmansia x Candida (Solanaceae). Phytochemistry 40:1093--1095.
species: Magnolia tomentosa Thunb.
family: Magnoliaceae
reference: Yasukawa, S., H. Kato, R. Yamaoka, H. Tanaka, H. Arai & S. Kawano. 1992. Reproductive and poll. biology of Magnolia and its allied genera (Magnoliaceae) I. Floral volatiles of several Magnolia and Michelia species and tehir roles in attracting insects. Plant Species Biol. 7:121--140.
species: Magnolia salicifolia (Sieb. & Zucc.) Maxim.
family: Magnoliaceae
reference: Yasukawa, S., H. Kato, R. Yamaoka, H. Tanaka, H. Arai & S. Kawano. 1992. Reproductive and poll. biology of Magnolia and its allied genera (Magnoliaceae) I. Floral volatiles of several Magnolia and Michelia species and tehir roles in attracting insects. Plant Species Biol. 7:121--140.
species: Phytelephas aequatorialis Spruce
family: Arecaceae
reference: Ervik, F., L. Tollsten & J. T. Knudsen. 1999. Floral scent chemistry and pollination ecology in phytelephantoid palms (Arecaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 217:279--297.
species: Narcissus bugei (Fernandez-Casas) Fernandez-Casas
family: Amaryllidaceae
reference: Dobson, H. E. M., J. Arroyo, G. Bergström & I. Groth. 1997. Interspecific variation in floral fragrances within the genus Narcissus (Amaryllidaceae). Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 25:685--706.
species: Narcissus serotinus L.
family: Amaryllidaceae
reference: Dobson, H. E. M., J. Arroyo, G. Bergström & I. Groth. 1997. Interspecific variation in floral fragrances within the genus Narcissus (Amaryllidaceae). Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 25:685--706.
species: Anthurium lindennum
family: Araceae
reference: Kuanprasert, N., A. R. Kuehnle & C. S. Tang. 1998. Floral fragrance compounds of Anthurium (Araceae) species and hybrids. Phytochemistry 49:521--528.
species: Anthurium ochranthum C. Koch
family: Araceae
reference: Kuanprasert, N., A. R. Kuehnle & C. S. Tang. 1998. Floral fragrance compounds of Anthurium (Araceae) species and hybrids. Phytochemistry 49:521--528.
species: Anthurium roseospadix
family: Araceae
reference: Kuanprasert, N., A. R. Kuehnle & C. S. Tang. 1998. Floral fragrance compounds of Anthurium (Araceae) species and hybrids. Phytochemistry 49:521--528.
species: Anthurium armeniense
family: Araceae
reference: Kuanprasert, N., A. R. Kuehnle & C. S. Tang. 1998. Floral fragrance compounds of Anthurium (Araceae) species and hybrids. Phytochemistry 49:521--528.
species: Anthurium antioquiense
family: Araceae
reference: Kuanprasert, N., A. R. Kuehnle & C. S. Tang. 1998. Floral fragrance compounds of Anthurium (Araceae) species and hybrids. Phytochemistry 49:521--528.
species: Embreea rodigasiana (Claes. ex. Cogn.) Dodson
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Whitten, W. M. & N. H. Williams. 1992. Floral fragrances of Stanhopea (Orchidaceae). Lindleyana 7:130--153.
species: Stanhopea sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Whitten, W. M. & N. H. Williams. 1992. Floral fragrances of Stanhopea (Orchidaceae). Lindleyana 7:130--153.
species: Brassica napus
family: Brassicaceae
reference: Blight, M. M., M. Métayer, M.-H. Pham-Delegue, J. A. Pickett, F. Marion-Poll & L. J. Wadhams. 1997. Identification of floral volatiles involved in recognition of oilseed rape flowers, Brassica napus by honeybees, Apis mellifera. J. Chem. Ecol. 23:1715--1727.
species: Ophrys sphegodes
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Schiestl, F. P., M. Ayasse, H. F. Paulus, D. Erdmann & W. Francke. 1997. Variation of floral scent emission and postpollination changes in individual flowers of Ophrys sphegodes subsp. sphegodes. J. Chem. Ecol. 23:2881--2895.
species: Geonoma macrostachys Mart. var. macrostachys
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T., L. Tollsten & F. Ervik. 2001. Flower scent and pollination in selected neotropical palms. Pl. Biol. 3:642--653.
species: Geonoma polyandra Skov
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T., L. Tollsten & F. Ervik. 2001. Flower scent and pollination in selected neotropical palms. Pl. Biol. 3:642--653.
species: Geonoma triglochin Burret
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T., L. Tollsten & F. Ervik. 2001. Flower scent and pollination in selected neotropical palms. Pl. Biol. 3:642--653.
species: Geonoma undata Klotsch.
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T., L. Tollsten & F. Ervik. 2001. Flower scent and pollination in selected neotropical palms. Pl. Biol. 3:642--653.
species: Mauritia flexuosa L. f.
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T., L. Tollsten & F. Ervik. 2001. Flower scent and pollination in selected neotropical palms. Pl. Biol. 3:642--653.
species: Catasetum sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1997. New or uncommon volatile compounds in the most diverse natural scents. Revista Italiana Eppos 18:18--47.
species: Chimonanthus nitens Olivier
family: Calycanthaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1997. New or uncommon volatile compounds in the most diverse natural scents. Revista Italiana Eppos 18:18--47.
species: Coryanthes sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1997. New or uncommon volatile compounds in the most diverse natural scents. Revista Italiana Eppos 18:18--47.
species: Crescentia cujete L.
family: Bignoniaceae
reference: Bestmann, H. G., L. Winkler, & O. von Helversen. 1997. Headspace analysis of volatile flower scent constituents of bat-pollinated plants. Phytochemistry 46:1169--1172.
species: Hippeastrum calyptratum
family: Amaryllidaceae
reference: Bestmann, H. G., L. Winkler, & O. von Helversen. 1997. Headspace analysis of volatile flower scent constituents of bat-pollinated plants. Phytochemistry 46:1169--1172.
species: Parmentiera aculeata
family: Bignoniaceae
reference: Bestmann, H. G., L. Winkler, & O. von Helversen. 1997. Headspace analysis of volatile flower scent constituents of bat-pollinated plants. Phytochemistry 46:1169--1172.
species: Vriesea gladioliflora
family: Bromeliaceae
reference: Bestmann, H. G., L. Winkler, & O. von Helversen. 1997. Headspace analysis of volatile flower scent constituents of bat-pollinated plants. Phytochemistry 46:1169--1172.
species: Geonoma congesta H. Wendl.
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. 1999. Floral scent chemistry in geonomoid palms (Palmae: Geonomeae) and its importance in maintaining reproductive isolation. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83:141--168.
species: Geonoma macrostachys pop. mauritia
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. 1999. Floral scent chemistry in geonomoid palms (Palmae: Geonomeae) and its importance in maintaining reproductive isolation. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83:141--168.
species: Geonoma macrostachys pop. small
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. 1999. Floral scent chemistry in geonomoid palms (Palmae: Geonomeae) and its importance in maintaining reproductive isolation. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83:141--168.
species: Geonoma maxima (Poit.) Kunth
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. 1999. Floral scent chemistry in geonomoid palms (Palmae: Geonomeae) and its importance in maintaining reproductive isolation. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83:141--168.
species: Geonoma poeppigiana Mart.
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. 1999. Floral scent chemistry in geonomoid palms (Palmae: Geonomeae) and its importance in maintaining reproductive isolation. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83:141--168.
species: Geonoma polyandra Skov
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. 1999. Floral scent chemistry in geonomoid palms (Palmae: Geonomeae) and its importance in maintaining reproductive isolation. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83:141--168.
species: Geonoma undata Klotsch.
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. 1999. Floral scent chemistry in geonomoid palms (Palmae: Geonomeae) and its importance in maintaining reproductive isolation. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83:141--168.
species: Geonoma undata Klotsch.
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. 1999. Floral scent chemistry in geonomoid palms (Palmae: Geonomeae) and its importance in maintaining reproductive isolation. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83:141--168.
species: Welfia regia H. Wendl. ex André
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. 1999. Floral scent chemistry in geonomoid palms (Palmae: Geonomeae) and its importance in maintaining reproductive isolation. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83:141--168.
species: Citrus limon Burm. f.
family: Rutaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1997. Environmental scents at the Ligurian coast. Perfumer Flavorist 22:7--18.
species: Coryanthes sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1993. Die Gattung Coryanthes Hook. (Orchidaceae). Eine monographische Bearbeitung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Blütenduftstoffe. Tropische und subtropische Pflanzenwelt 83.
species: Parkia biglobosa Jacq.
family: Fabaceae
reference: Pettersson, S. & J. T. Knudsen. 2001. Floral scent and nectar production in Parkia biglobosa Jacq. (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 135:97--106.
species: Citrus grandis Osbeck
family: Rutaceae
reference: Toyoda, T., I. Nohara & T. Sato. 1993. Headspace analysis of volatile compounds from various citrus blossoms. Pages 205--220 in R. Teranishi, Buttery, R. G. & H. Sugisawa (eds.), Bioactive volatile compounds from plants, American Chemical Soc. Symp. Ser. 525, Washington, DC.
species: Citrus iyo Hort. ex. Tanaka
family: Rutaceae
reference: Toyoda, T., I. Nohara & T. Sato. 1993. Headspace analysis of volatile compounds from various citrus blossoms. Pages 205--220 in R. Teranishi, Buttery, R. G. & H. Sugisawa (eds.), Bioactive volatile compounds from plants, American Chemical Soc. Symp. Ser. 525, Washington, DC.
species: Citrus limon Burm. f.
family: Rutaceae
reference: Toyoda, T., I. Nohara & T. Sato. 1993. Headspace analysis of volatile compounds from various citrus blossoms. Pages 205--220 in R. Teranishi, Buttery, R. G. & H. Sugisawa (eds.), Bioactive volatile compounds from plants, American Chemical Soc. Symp. Ser. 525, Washington, DC.
species: Citrus natsudaidai Hayata
family: Rutaceae
reference: Toyoda, T., I. Nohara & T. Sato. 1993. Headspace analysis of volatile compounds from various citrus blossoms. Pages 205--220 in R. Teranishi, Buttery, R. G. & H. Sugisawa (eds.), Bioactive volatile compounds from plants, American Chemical Soc. Symp. Ser. 525, Washington, DC.
molecular weight: 154.25