structure:
pubchem-id: 31260
synonyms: Isoamyl alcohol
Isopentyl alcohol
3-methylbutan-1-ol
CHEBI:15837
3-Methyl-1-butanol
3-Methylbutanol
1-Butanol, 3-methyl-
2-Methyl-4-butanol
3-Metil-butanolo [Italian]
AI3-15288
Alcool amilico [Italian]
Alcool isoamylique [French]
Amylowy alkohol [Polish]
EINECS 204-633-5
FEMA No. 2057
FEMA Number 2057
Fermentation amyl alcohol
Fusel Oil
HSDB 605
ISOAMYLALCOHOL
Iso-amyl alcohol
Iso-amylalkohol [German]
Isoamyl alcohol (natural)
Isoamyl alcohol (primary and secondary)
Isoamyl alcohol, primary
Isoamyl alkohol [Czech]
Isoamylol
Isobutyl carbinol
Isobutylcarbinol
Isopentanol
LS-2837
NSC 1029
Primary isoamyl alcohol
Isoamyl alcohol
Isopentyl alcohol
3-Methylbutanol
Isopentanol
Isoamylol
Isobutylcarbinol
Isobutyl carbinol
Fusel Oil
Iso-amylalkohol
supply info: supplier: supply-code:
Sigma AldrichALDRICH-27,758-4
Sigma AldrichW205710
Sigma AldrichW205702
chem. class: C5-branched chain compounds
Alcohols
species: Lathyrus odoratus
family: Fabaceae
reference: Porter, A. E. A., D. W. Griffiths, G. W. Robertson & R. Sexton. 1999. Floral volatiles of sweet pea Lathyrus odoratus. Phytochemistry 51:211--214.
species: Albizia julibrissin Durazz.
family: Fabaceae
reference: Mottram, H. R. & I. A. Flament. 1996. The volatile constituents of the flowers of the ‘silk tree’, Albizzia julibrissin. Cambridge Royal Soc. Special Publ. Royal Soc. Chemistry (0260-6292) 197:74--77..
species: Prunus domestica
family: Rosaceae
reference: Baraldi, R., F. Rapparini, F. Rossi, A. Latella & P. Ciccioli. 1999. Volatile organic compound emission from flowers of the most occurring and economically important species of fruit trees. Phys. Chem. Earth 24:729--732.
species: Coryanthes sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Masdevallia sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Nigritella nigra
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Polystachya sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Vanda sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Aerangis sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Aerides sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Angraecum sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Brassia verucosa
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Geonoma cuneata H. Wendl. ex Spruce
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. 1999. Floral scent chemistry in geonomoid palms (Palmae: Geonomeae) and its importance in maintaining reproductive isolation. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83:141--168.
species: Geonoma sp.
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. 1999. Floral scent chemistry in geonomoid palms (Palmae: Geonomeae) and its importance in maintaining reproductive isolation. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83:141--168.
species: Arisaema tortuosum
family: Araceae
reference: Vogel, S. & J. Martens. 2000. A survey of the function of the lethal kettle traps of Arisaema (Araceae), with records of pollinating fungus gnats from Nepal. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 133:61--100.
species: Victoria amazonica
family: Nymphaeaceae
reference: Bartsch, A. 1997. Botanische Kuriositäten aus der Urwald. Der Kanonkugelbaum und die Königliche Wasserlilie. Dragoco Report, 63--71.
species: Nypa fruticans (Thunb.) Wurmb.
family: Arecaceae
reference: Azuma, H., M. Toyota, Y. Asakawa, T. Takaso & H. Tobe. 2002. Floral scent chemistry of mangrove plants. J. Plant Res. 115:47--53.
species: Luffa acutangula
family: Cucurbitaceae
reference: Fernando, L. N. & I. U. Grün. 2001. headspace-SPME analysis of volatiles of the ridge gourd (Luffa acutangula) and bitter gourd (Momordica charantia) flowers. Flav. Frag. J. 16:289--293.
species: Buddleja davidii Franch.
family: Scrophulariaceae
reference: Andersson, S., L. A. Nilsson, I. Groth & G. Bergström. 2002. Floral scents in butterfly-pollinated plants: possible convergence in chemical composition. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 140:129--153.
species: Phlox paniculata L.
family: Polemoniaceae
reference: Andersson, S., L. A. Nilsson, I. Groth & G. Bergström. 2002. Floral scents in butterfly-pollinated plants: possible convergence in chemical composition. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 140:129--153.
species: Cycas rumphii
family: Cycadaceae
reference: Pellmyr, O., W. Tang, I. Groth, G. Bergström & L. B. Thien. 1991. Cycad cone and angiosperm floral volatiles: infrences for the evolution of insect pollination. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 19:623--627.
species: Albizia julibrissin Durazz.
family: Fabaceae
reference: Li, C., Y. Zeng, Y. Sun, Z. Wu & M. Liu. 1988. Volatile constituents of the flower of Albizia julibrissin Durazz. Fenxi Huaxe 16:585--589. CA. 110:92059s (1989).
species: Actaea sp.
family: Ranunculaceae
reference: Pellmyr, O., Groth, I. & G. Bergström. 1984. Comparative analysis of the floral odors of Actaea spicata and A. erythrocarpa (Ranunculaceae). Nov. Acta Reg. Soc. Scient. Upsaliensis. -Ser. V:C, 3:157--160.
species: Actaea sp.
family: Ranunculaceae
reference: Pellmyr, O., Bergström, G. & I. Groth. 1987. Floral fragrances in Actaea, using differential chromatograms to discern between floral and vegetative volatiles. Phytochemistry 26:1603--1606.
species: Datura sp.
family: Solanaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & L. Tollsten. 1993. Trends in floral scent chemistry in pollination syndromes: floral scent composition in moth taxa. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 113:263--284.
species: Escobedia grandiflora (L. f.) Kuntze
family: Orobanchaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & L. Tollsten. 1993. Trends in floral scent chemistry in pollination syndromes: floral scent composition in moth taxa. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 113:263--284.
species: Actinidia chinensis Planch.
family: Actinidiaceae
reference: Tatsuka, K., S. Suekane, S. Sakai & H. Sumitani. 1990. Volatile constituents of Kiwi fruit flowers: simultaneous distillation and extraction versus headspace sampling. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38:2176--2180.
species: Michelia figo
family: Magnoliaceae
reference: Tatsuka, K., Suekane, S. & M. Kohama. 1986. Volatile components of the flower of Michelia figo Spreng. Nippon Nôgeikagaku Kaishi 60:457--461.
species: Rosa sp.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Dobson, H. E. M., Bergström, J., Bergström, G. & I. Groth. 1987. Pollen and flower volatiles in two Rosa species. Phytochemistry 26:3171--3173.
species: Zygogynum sp.
family: Winteraceae
reference: Pellmyr, O., Thien, L. B., Bergström, G. & I. Groth. 1990. Pollination of New Caledonian Winteraceae: opportunistic shifts or parallel radiation with their pollinators. Pl. Syst. Evol. 173:143--157.
species: Bubbia sp.
family: Winteraceae
reference: Pellmyr, O., Thien, L. B., Bergström, G. & I. Groth. 1990. Pollination of New Caledonian Winteraceae: opportunistic shifts or parallel radiation with their pollinators. Pl. Syst. Evol. 173:143--157.
species: Jasminum sambac (L.) Aiton
family: Oleaceae
reference: Bu, X., A. Huang & Y. Sun. 1987. Analysis of headspace volatile constituents Jasmine (Jasminium sambac (L.) Aiton) flower. Acta Scientarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis 6:53--60.
species: Hoya carnosa R. Br.
family: Apocynaceae
reference: Altenburger, R. & P. Matile. 1988. Circadian rhythmicity of fragrance emission in flowers of Hoya carnosa R. Br. Planta 174:248--252.
species: Medicago sativa L.
family: Fabaceae
reference: Buttery, R. G., J. A. Kamm & L. C. Ling. 1982. Volatile components of Alfalfa flowers and pods. J. Agric. Food Chem. 30:739--742.
species: Chimonanthus praecox Link
family: Calycanthaceae
reference: Zheng, Y., Y. Zhu, R. Zhang, Y. Sun, Z. Wu & M. Liu. 1990. Studies on the natural flavor components of Chimonanthus praecox L. flower. Acta Scient. Nat. Univ. Pekinensis 26:667--673.
species: Actaea rubra
family: Ranunculaceae
reference: Pellmyr, O. 1985. The pollination biology of Actaea pachypoda and A. rubra (including A. erythrocarpa) in northern Michigan and Finland. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 112:265--273.
species: Victoria amazonica x cruziana
family: Nymphaeaceae
reference: Kite, G., T. Reynolds & G. T. Prance. 1991. Potential pollinator-attracting chemicals from Victoria (Nymphaeaceae). Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 19:535--540.
species: Gustavia serrata Mori
family: Lecythidaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & S. A. Mori. 1996. Floral scents and pollination in neotropical Lecythidaceae. Biotropica 28:42--60.
species: Gustavia longifolia Poeppig ex. Berg
family: Lecythidaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & S. A. Mori. 1996. Floral scents and pollination in neotropical Lecythidaceae. Biotropica 28:42--60.
species: Grias neuberthii Macbr.
family: Lecythidaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & S. A. Mori. 1996. Floral scents and pollination in neotropical Lecythidaceae. Biotropica 28:42--60.
species: Grias peruviana Miers
family: Lecythidaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & S. A. Mori. 1996. Floral scents and pollination in neotropical Lecythidaceae. Biotropica 28:42--60.
species: Theophrasta americana L.
family: Theophrastaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & B. Ståhl. 1994. Floral scent in the Theophrastaceae. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 22:259--268.
species: Filipendula ulmaria
family: Rosaceae
reference: Brunke, E.-J., F.-J. Hammerschmidt & G. Schmaus. 1993. Flower scent of some traditional medical plants. Pages 282--295 in R. Teranishi, Buttery, R. G. & Sugisawa, H. (eds.), Bioactive volatile compounds from plants. American Chemical Soc. Symp. Ser. 525, Washington, DC.
species: Hoya carnosa R. Br.
family: Apocynaceae
reference: Surburg, H., M. Guentert & H. Harder. 1993. Volatile compounds from flowers: analytical and olfactory aspects. Pages 168--186 in R. Teranishi, Buttery, R. G. & H. Sugisawa (eds.), Bioactive volatile compounds from plants. American Chemical Soc. Symp. Ser. 525, Washington, DC.
species: Rosa sp.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Brunke, E.-J., F.-J. Hammerschmidt & G. Schmaus. 1992. L'analyse headspace des fragrances de fleurs. Dragoco Report 39:3--31.
species: Hedychium coronarium König
family: Zingiberaceae
reference: Matsumoto, F., H. Idetsuki, K. Harada, I. Nohara & T. Toyoda. 1993. Volatile components of Hedychium coronarium Koenig flowers. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5:123--133.
species: Rosa sp.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Brunke, E.-J., F.-J. Hammerschmidt & G. Schmaus. 1992. Scent of roses—recent results. Flav. Fragr. J. 7:195--198.
species: Medicago sativa L.
family: Fabaceae
reference: Light, D. M., J. A. Kamm & R. G. Buttery. 1992. Electroantennogram response of alfalfa seed chalcid, Bruchophagus roddi (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae) to host- and nonhost-plant volatiles. J. Chem. Ecol. 18:333--352.
species: Angraecum sesquipedale Thours
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. On the scents of orchids. Pages 240--268 in R. Teranishi, R., Buttery, R. G. & Sugisawa, H. (eds.), Bioactive volatile compounds from plants, American Chemical Soc. Symp. Ser. 525, Washington, DC.
species: Crataegus monogyna
family: Rosaceae
reference: Robertson, G. W., D. W. Griffiths, J. A. T. Woodford, A. N. E. Birch, J. A. Picket & L. J. Wadhams. 1993. A comparison of the flower volatiles from Hawthorn and four Raspberry cultivars. Phytochemistry 33:1047--1053.
species: Rubus idaeus
family: Rosaceae
reference: Robertson, G. W., D. W. Griffiths, J. A. T. Woodford, A. N. E. Birch, J. A. Picket & L. J. Wadhams. 1993. A comparison of the flower volatiles from Hawthorn and four Raspberry cultivars. Phytochemistry 33:1047--1053.
species: Selenicereus grandiflorus Britton & Rose
family: Cactaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. & L. Tollsten. 1995. An introduction to the scent of Cacti. Flav. Fragr. J. 10:153--164.
species: Hylocereus polyrhizus Britton & Rose
family: Cactaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. & L. Tollsten. 1995. An introduction to the scent of Cacti. Flav. Fragr. J. 10:153--164.
species: Ceiba trischistandra (A. Gray) Bakh.
family: Malvaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & L. Tollsten. 1995. Floral scent in bat-pollinated plants: a case of convergent evolution. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 119:45--57.
species: Ochroma pyramidalis (Cav.) Urb.
family: Malvaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & L. Tollsten. 1995. Floral scent in bat-pollinated plants: a case of convergent evolution. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 119:45--57.
species: Rubus idaeus
family: Rosaceae
reference: Robertson, G. W., D. W. Griffiths, J. A. T. Woodford & A. N. E. Birch. 1995. Changes in the chemical composition of volatiles released by the flowers and fruits of the red raspberry (Rubus idaeus) cultivar glen prosen. Phytochemistry 38:1175--1179.
species: Daphne mezereum L.
family: Thymelaeaceae
reference: Borg-Karlson, A.-K., C. K. Unelius, I. Valterova & A. Nilsson. 1996. Floral fragrance chemistry in the early flowering shrub Daphne mezereum. Phytochemistry 41:1477--1483.
species: Filipendula vulgaris Moench.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Dobson, H. E. M., I. Groth & G. Bergström. 1996. Pollen advertisement: chemical contrasts between whole-flower and pollen odors. Am. J. Bot. 83:877--885.
species: Geonoma stricta (Poit.) Kunth var. piscicauda (Dammer) Hend.
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. 1999. Floral scent chemistry in geonomoid palms (Palmae: Geonomeae) and its importance in maintaining reproductive isolation. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83:141--168.
species: Geonoma stricta (Poit.) Kunth var. stricta
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. 1999. Floral scent chemistry in geonomoid palms (Palmae: Geonomeae) and its importance in maintaining reproductive isolation. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83:141--168.
species: Parkia biglobosa Jacq.
family: Fabaceae
reference: Pettersson, S. & J. T. Knudsen. 2001. Floral scent and nectar production in Parkia biglobosa Jacq. (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 135:97--106.
species: bacteria
reference: Schulz, S. and Dickschat, J.S. (2007) Bacterial volatiles: the smell of small organisms. Nat Prod Rep, 24, 814-842.
species: Penicillium
reference: Bjurman J, Nordstrand E, Kristensson J (1997) Growth-phase-related production of potential volatile-organic tracer compounds by moulds on wood. Indoor Air 7:2-7.
species: Penicillium aurantiogriseum
reference: Börjesson, T., Stöllman, U. and Schnürer, J., 1990. Volatile metabolites and other indicators of Penicillium aurantiogriseum growth on different substrates. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 56, pp. 3705-3710.
species: Serratia proteamaculans 42M
reference: Ercolini, D., Russo, F., Nasi, A., Ferranti, P., Villani, F. (2009). Mesophilic and Psychrotrophic Bacteria from Meat and Their Spoilage Potential In Vitro and in Beef. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 75: 1990-2001.
species: Lactobacillus casei NCIB 8010 ; Lactobacillus plantarum NCIB 6376 ; Pediococcus damnosus DSM 20331 ; Leuconostoc cremoris DSM 20346 ; Leuconostoc dextranicum DSM 20484 ; Lactococcus lactis DSM 20202 ; Leuconostoc mesenteroides DSM 20343 ; Leuconostoc paramesenteroides DSM 20288 ; Leuconostoc oenos DSM 20252, DSM 20255, DSM 20257, B66, Lc5x, 37D, 30, 19, 36, 7B
reference: R.P. Tracey and T.J. Britz, Freon 11 extraction of volatile metabolites formed by certain lactic acid bacteria. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 55 (1989), pp. 1617-1623.
species: Streptomyces albidoflavus AMI 246 ; Streptomyces spp. AMI 240 ; Streptomyces rishiriensis AMI 224 ; Streptomyces albus subsp. pathocidicus IFO 13812 ; Streptomyces antibioticus CBS 659.68 ; Streptomyces antibioticus ETH 22014 ; Streptomyces aureofaciens ETH 13387 ; Streptomyces aureofaciens ETH 28832 ; Streptomyces coelicolor ATCC 21666 ; Streptomyces coelicolor DSM 40233 ; Streptomyces diastatoch
reference: Schöller, CEG, Gürtler, H, Pedersen, R, Molin, S, Wilkins, K (2002) Volatile metabolites from actinomycetes. J Agric Food Chem 50: 2615-2621.
species: Actinomycetes
reference: Schulz, S. and Dickschat, J.S. (2007) Bacterial volatiles: the smell of small organisms. Nat Prod Rep, 24, 814-842.
species: Aspergillus flavus ; Boletus variegatus
reference: Stotzky G, Schenk S (1976) Volatile organic compounds and microorganisms. CRC Crit Rev Microbiol 4:333-382.
species: Clostridium sp.
reference: Stotzky G, Schenk S (1976) Volatile organic compounds and microorganisms. CRC Crit Rev Microbiol 4:333-382.
molecular weight: 88.15