structure:
pubchem-id: 3314
synonyms: 4-Allyl-2-methoxyphenol
4-Allylguaiacol
Eugenol
2-Methoxy-4-(2-propenyl)phenol
supply info: supplier: supply-code:
ACROS Organcis11911
Alfa Aesar36460
ASDI500014739
Lancaster Inc.X03559
Pfaltz and BauerA14868
Sigma AldrichFLUKA-46100
Sigma AldrichW246719
Sigma AldrichW246700
chem. class: Benzenoids
Ethers
species: Vicia faba L.
family: Fabaceae
reference: Griffiths, D. W., G. W. Robertson, T. Shepherd & G. Ramsay. 1999. Epicuticular waxes and volatiles from faba bean (Vicia faba) flowers. Phytochemistry 52:607--612.
species: Phalaenopsis veitchiana
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Awano, K., T. Honda, T. Ogawa, S. Suzuki & Y. Matsunaga. 1997. Volatile components of Phalaenopsis schilleriana Rehb. f. Flav. Frag. J. 12:341--344.
species: Dianthus caryophyllus
family: Caryophyllaceae
reference: Clery, R. A., N. E. Owen & S. F. Chambers. 1999. An investigation into the scents of carnations. J. Ess. Oil Res. 11:355--359.
species: Passiflora biflora Lam.
family: Passifloraceae
reference: Lindberg, A. B., J. T. Knudsen & J. M. Olesen. 2000. Independence of floral morphology and scent chemistry as trait groups in a set of Passiflora species. Pages 91--111 in EDITOR(S), The Scandinavian Association for Pollination Ecology honours Knut Fægri. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi. I. M
species: Passiflora ligularis Juss.
family: Passifloraceae
reference: Lindberg, A. B., J. T. Knudsen & J. M. Olesen. 2000. Independence of floral morphology and scent chemistry as trait groups in a set of Passiflora species. Pages 91--111 in EDITOR(S), The Scandinavian Association for Pollination Ecology honours Knut Fægri. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi. I. M
species: Passiflora riparia Mart.
family: Passifloraceae
reference: Lindberg, A. B., J. T. Knudsen & J. M. Olesen. 2000. Independence of floral morphology and scent chemistry as trait groups in a set of Passiflora species. Pages 91--111 in EDITOR(S), The Scandinavian Association for Pollination Ecology honours Knut Fægri. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi. I. M
species: Passiflora triloba R. & P.
family: Passifloraceae
reference: Lindberg, A. B., J. T. Knudsen & J. M. Olesen. 2000. Independence of floral morphology and scent chemistry as trait groups in a set of Passiflora species. Pages 91--111 in EDITOR(S), The Scandinavian Association for Pollination Ecology honours Knut Fægri. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi. I. M
species: Couroupita guianensis Aublet
family: Lecythidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 2000. Scents from rain forests. Chimia 54:346--363.
species: Posoqueria latifolia
family: Rubiaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 2000. Scents from rain forests. Chimia 54:346--363.
species: Acleisanthes acutifolia Standl.
family: Nyctaginaceae
reference: Levin, R. A., R. A. Raguso & L. A. McDade. 2001. Fragrance chemistry and pollinator affinities in Nyctaginaceae. Phytochemistry 58:429--440.
species: Selinocarpus chenopodioides A. Gray
family: Nyctaginaceae
reference: Levin, R. A., R. A. Raguso & L. A. McDade. 2001. Fragrance chemistry and pollinator affinities in Nyctaginaceae. Phytochemistry 58:429--440.
species: Rosa rugosa Thunb.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Dobson, H. E. M., Bergström, G. & I. Groth. 1990. Differences in floral fragrance chemistry between different parts of Rosa rugosa Thunb. (Rosaceaea). Israel J. Bot. 39:143--156.
species: Cochleanthes sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Rosa sp.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Dobson, H. E. M., Bergström, J., Bergström, G. & I. Groth. 1987. Pollen and flower volatiles in two Rosa species. Phytochemistry 26:3171--3173.
species: Stephanotis floribunda Brongs.
family: Apocynaceae
reference: Mookherjee, B. D., Trenkle, R. W. & R. A. Wilson. 1990. The chemistry of flowers, fruits and spices: live vs. dead a new dimension in fragrance research. Pure Appl. Chem. 62:1357--1364.
species: Gongora sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Hills, H. G., Williams, N. H. & C. H. Dodson. 1968. Identification of some orchid fragrance components. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 37:967--971.
species: Platanthera bifolia (L.) Rich.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Nilsson, L. A. 1985. Characteristics and distribution of intermediate between Platanthera bifolia and P. chlorantha (Orchidaceae) in the Nordic countries. Nord. J. Bot. 5:407--419.
species: Coelogyne zurowetzii
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Platanthera bifolia (L.) Rich.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Tollsten, L. & J. Bergström. 1989. Variation and post-pollination changes in floral odours released by Platanthera bifolia (Orchidaceae). Nord. J. Bot. 9:359--362.
species: Hyacinthus sp.
family: Hyacinthaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. & D. Lamparsky. 1977. Noveaux constituants del'absolue de jacinthe et leur compartement olfactif. Parfumes Cosmétiques Aromes 17:71--79.
species: Jasminum sambac (L.) Aiton
family: Oleaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1988. New volatile constituents of Jasminum sambac (L.) Aiton. Pages 669--684 in B. M. Lawrence, Mookherjee, B. D. & Willis, B. J. (eds.), Flavors and Fragrances: a world perspective. Proc. 10th Int. Congr. Ess. Oils (Wash. DC. 1986). Elsevier Sci. Publ., Amsterdam.
species: Gongora sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Williams, N. H. & W. M. Whitten. 1983. Orchid floral fragrances and male euglossine bees: methods and advances in the last sesquidecade. Biol. Bull. 164:355--395.
species: Spathiphyllum floribundum
family: Araceae
reference: Williams, N. H. & W. M. Whitten. 1983. Orchid floral fragrances and male euglossine bees: methods and advances in the last sesquidecade. Biol. Bull. 164:355--395.
species: Dendrobium sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Gymnadenia conopea
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Himantoglossum hircinum
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Lycaste sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Masdevallia sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Miltonia sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Nigritella nigra
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Odontoglossum sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Phalaenopsis sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Platanthera sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Zygopetalum sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Aerangis sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Angraecum sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Cattleya sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Cirrhaea sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Rosa hybrida L.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Kim, H.-J., K. Kim, N.-S. Kim & D.-S. Lee. 2000. Determination of floral fragrances of Rosa hybrida using solid-phase trapping-solvent extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J. Chromatography A, 902:389--404.
species: Rhizophora stylosa Griff.
family: Rhizophoraceae
reference: Azuma, H., M. Toyota, Y. Asakawa, T. Takaso & H. Tobe. 2002. Floral scent chemistry of mangrove plants. J. Plant Res. 115:47--53.
species: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh.
family: Acanthaceae
reference: Azuma, H., M. Toyota, Y. Asakawa, T. Takaso & H. Tobe. 2002. Floral scent chemistry of mangrove plants. J. Plant Res. 115:47--53.
species: Laurus nobilis L.
family: Lauraceae
reference: Flamini, G., P. L. Cioni & I.Morelli. 2002. Differences in the fragrances of pollen and different floral parts of male and female flowers of Laurus nobilis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 50:4647--4652.
species: Phlox paniculata L.
family: Polemoniaceae
reference: Andersson, S., L. A. Nilsson, I. Groth & G. Bergström. 2002. Floral scents in butterfly-pollinated plants: possible convergence in chemical composition. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 140:129--153.
species: Cochleanthes sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Gongora sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Polycycnis gratiosa Endres & Rchb. f.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Rosa setate x rugosa
family: Rosaceae
reference: Chen, Y., Z. Li & H. Li. 1987. Analysis of fragrance volatiles of fresh flowers by pre-column absorption and GC/MS. Chromatographia 23:502--506.
species: Spathiphyllum sp.
family: Araceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Nicotiana sp.
family: Solanaceae
reference: Loughrin, J. H., Hamilton-Kemp, T. R., Andersen, R. A. & D. F. Hildebrand. 1990. Headspace compounds from flowers of Nicotiana tabacum and related species. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38:455--460.
species: Epidendrum ciliare L.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & L. Tollsten. 1993. Trends in floral scent chemistry in pollination syndromes: floral scent composition in moth taxa. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 113:263--284.
species: Coussarea sp. 2
family: Rubiaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & L. Tollsten. 1993. Trends in floral scent chemistry in pollination syndromes: floral scent composition in moth taxa. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 113:263--284.
species: Hedychium coronarium König
family: Zingiberaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & L. Tollsten. 1993. Trends in floral scent chemistry in pollination syndromes: floral scent composition in moth taxa. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 113:263--284.
species: Gustavia longifolia Poeppig ex. Berg
family: Lecythidaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & S. A. Mori. 1996. Floral scents and pollination in neotropical Lecythidaceae. Biotropica 28:42--60.
species: Couroupita guianensis Aublet
family: Lecythidaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & S. A. Mori. 1996. Floral scents and pollination in neotropical Lecythidaceae. Biotropica 28:42--60.
species: Jacquinia keyensis Mez
family: Theophrastaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & B. Ståhl. 1994. Floral scent in the Theophrastaceae. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 22:259--268.
species: Hedychium coronarium König
family: Zingiberaceae
reference: Matsumoto, F., H. Idetsuki, K. Harada, I. Nohara & T. Toyoda. 1993. Volatile components of Hedychium coronarium Koenig flowers. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5:123--133.
species: Malus silvestris (L.) Mill.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Buchbauer, G., L. Jirovetz, M. Wasicky & A. Nikiforov. 1993. Headspace and essential oil analysis of apple flowers. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41:116--118.
species: Cattleya labiata
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. On the scents of orchids. Pages 240--268 in R. Teranishi, R., Buttery, R. G. & Sugisawa, H. (eds.), Bioactive volatile compounds from plants, American Chemical Soc. Symp. Ser. 525, Washington, DC.
species: Gymnadenia conopea
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. On the scents of orchids. Pages 240--268 in R. Teranishi, R., Buttery, R. G. & Sugisawa, H. (eds.), Bioactive volatile compounds from plants, American Chemical Soc. Symp. Ser. 525, Washington, DC.
species: Mimusops elengi L.
family: Sapotaceae
reference: Wong, K. C. & Y. E. Teng. 1994. Volatile components of Mimusops elengi L. flowers. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6:453--458.
species: Hyacinthus orientalis hort.
family: Hyacinthaceae
reference: Brunke, E.-J., F.-J. Hammerschmidt & G. Schmaus. 1994. Headspace analysis of Hyacinth flowers. Flav. Fragr. J. 9:59--69.
species: Platanthera sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Tollsten, L. & G. Bergström. 1993. Fragrance chemotypes of Platanthera (Orchidaceae) - the result of adaptation to pollinating moths?. Nord. J. Bot. 13:607--613.
species: Platanthera bifolia (L.) Rich.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Tollsten, L. 1993. A multivariate aproach to post-pollination changes in the floral scent of Platanthera bifolia (Orchidaceae). Nord. J. Bot. 13:495--499.
species: Lonicera japonica Thunb.
family: Caprifoliaceae
reference: Ikeda, N., M. Ishihara, T. Tseneya, M. Kawakita, M. Yoshihara, Y. Suzuki, R. Komaki & M. Inui. 1994. Volatile components of Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica Thunb.) flowers. Flav. Fragr. J. 9:325--331.
species: Ochroma pyramidalis (Cav.) Urb.
family: Malvaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & L. Tollsten. 1995. Floral scent in bat-pollinated plants: a case of convergent evolution. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 119:45--57.
species: Clarkia breweri (Gray) Greene
family: Onagraceae
reference: Raguso, R. A. & E. Pichersky. 1995. Floral volatiles from Clarkia breweri and C. concinna (Onagraceae): recent evolution of floral scent and moth pollination. Pl. Syst. Evol. 194:55--67.
species: Magnolia obovata Thunb.
family: Magnoliaceae
reference: Yasukawa, S., H. Kato, R. Yamaoka, H. Tanaka, H. Arai & S. Kawano. 1992. Reproductive and poll. biology of Magnolia and its allied genera (Magnoliaceae) I. Floral volatiles of several Magnolia and Michelia species and tehir roles in attracting insects. Plant Species Biol. 7:121--140.
species: Cypripedium guttatum
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Barkman, T. J., J. H. Beaman & D. A. Gage. 1997. Floral fragrance variation in Cypripedium: implications for evolutionary and ecological studies. Phytochemistry 44:875--882.
species: Jasminum polyanthum Franch.
family: Oleaceae
reference: Christensen, L. P., H. B. Jakobsen, K. Kristiansen & J. Møller. 1997. Volatiles emitted from flowers of gamma-radiated and nonradiated Jaminum polyanthum Franch. in situ. J. Agric. Food Chem. 45:2199--2203.
species: Stanhopea sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Whitten, W. M. & N. H. Williams. 1992. Floral fragrances of Stanhopea (Orchidaceae). Lindleyana 7:130--153.
species: Helianthus annuus L.
family: Asteraceae
reference: Pham-Delegue, M. H., P. Etievant, E. Guichard, R. Marilleau, Ph. Douault, J. Chauffaille & C. Masson. 1990. Chemicals involved in honeybee-sunflower relationship. J. Chem. Ecol. 16:3053--3065.
species: Gongora sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1997. New or uncommon volatile compounds in the most diverse natural scents. Revista Italiana Eppos 18:18--47.
species: Geonoma macrostachys Mart. var. macrostachys
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. 1999. Floral scent chemistry in geonomoid palms (Palmae: Geonomeae) and its importance in maintaining reproductive isolation. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83:141--168.
species: Spartium junceum L.
family: Fabaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1997. Environmental scents at the Ligurian coast. Perfumer Flavorist 22:7--18.
species: Coryanthes sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1993. Die Gattung Coryanthes Hook. (Orchidaceae). Eine monographische Bearbeitung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Blütenduftstoffe. Tropische und subtropische Pflanzenwelt 83.
species: Geonoma macrostachys Mart. var. macrostachys
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T., S. Andersson & P. Bergman. 1999. Floral scent attraction in Geonoma macrostachys, an understorey palm of the Amazonian rain forest. Oikos 85:409--418.
species: Arum creticum Boiss. & Held.
family: Araceae
reference: Kite, G. C., W. L. A. Hetterscheid, M. J. Lewis, P. C. Boyce, J. Ollerton, E. Cocklin, A. Diaz & M. S. J. Simmonds. 1998. Inflorescence odours and pollinators of Arum and Amorphophallus (Araceae). Pages 295--315 in S. J. Owens & P. J. Rudall (eds.), Reproductive biology. Royal Botanic Garden
molecular weight: 164.20