structure:
pubchem-id: 638011
synonyms: Citral
Geranial and neral mixture
LMPR01020023
3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadienal
Geranial
supply info: supplier: supply-code:
ACROS Organcis11044
ASDI10000030013
Alfa AesarA16169
IBSBB_NC-0163
Lancaster Inc.X05460
Pfaltz and BauerD42720
Sigma AldrichFLUKA-27450
TimTec Inc.ST934133
Sigma AldrichW230316
Sigma AldrichW230308
chem. class: Monoterpenes
Aldehydes
species: Rosa hybrida L.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Helsper, J. P. F. G., J. A. Davies, H. J. Bouwmeester, A. F. Krol & M. H. van Kampen. 1998. Circadian rhythmicity in emission of volatile compounds by the flowers of Rosa hybrida L. cv. Honesty. Planta 207:88--95.
species: Passiflora biflora Lam.
family: Passifloraceae
reference: Lindberg, A. B., J. T. Knudsen & J. M. Olesen. 2000. Independence of floral morphology and scent chemistry as trait groups in a set of Passiflora species. Pages 91--111 in EDITOR(S), The Scandinavian Association for Pollination Ecology honours Knut Fægri. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi. I. M
species: Passiflora maliformis L.
family: Passifloraceae
reference: Lindberg, A. B., J. T. Knudsen & J. M. Olesen. 2000. Independence of floral morphology and scent chemistry as trait groups in a set of Passiflora species. Pages 91--111 in EDITOR(S), The Scandinavian Association for Pollination Ecology honours Knut Fægri. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi. I. M
species: Passiflora nitida H.B.K.
family: Passifloraceae
reference: Lindberg, A. B., J. T. Knudsen & J. M. Olesen. 2000. Independence of floral morphology and scent chemistry as trait groups in a set of Passiflora species. Pages 91--111 in EDITOR(S), The Scandinavian Association for Pollination Ecology honours Knut Fægri. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi. I. M
species: Passiflora triloba R. & P.
family: Passifloraceae
reference: Lindberg, A. B., J. T. Knudsen & J. M. Olesen. 2000. Independence of floral morphology and scent chemistry as trait groups in a set of Passiflora species. Pages 91--111 in EDITOR(S), The Scandinavian Association for Pollination Ecology honours Knut Fægri. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi. I. M
species: Cochliostema odoratissima
family: Commelianaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 2000. Scents from rain forests. Chimia 54:346--363.
species: Couroupita guianensis Aublet
family: Lecythidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 2000. Scents from rain forests. Chimia 54:346--363.
species: Acleisanthes wrightii (A. Gray) Benth. & Hook.
family: Nyctaginaceae
reference: Levin, R. A., R. A. Raguso & L. A. McDade. 2001. Fragrance chemistry and pollinator affinities in Nyctaginaceae. Phytochemistry 58:429--440.
species: Cochleanthes sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Constantia cipoensis
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Dendrobium sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Dendrochilum cobbianum
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Epidendrum sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Huntleya sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Masdevallia sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Maxillaria sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Odontoglossum sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Oncidium sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Pescatorea sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Phalaenopsis sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Platanthera sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Rhynchostylis coelestis
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Zygopetalum sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Aerides sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Angraecum sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Brassavola sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Cattleya sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Cirrhopetalum sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. The scents of orchids. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
species: Citrus kawachinensis Hort.
family: Rutaceae
reference: Toyoda, T., I. Nohara & T. Sato. 1993. Headspace analysis of volatile compounds from various citrus blossoms. Pages 205--220 in R. Teranishi, Buttery, R. G. & H. Sugisawa (eds.), Bioactive volatile compounds from plants, American Chemical Soc. Symp. Ser. 525, Washington, DC.
species: Citrus limon Burm. f.
family: Rutaceae
reference: Toyoda, T., I. Nohara & T. Sato. 1993. Headspace analysis of volatile compounds from various citrus blossoms. Pages 205--220 in R. Teranishi, Buttery, R. G. & H. Sugisawa (eds.), Bioactive volatile compounds from plants, American Chemical Soc. Symp. Ser. 525, Washington, DC.
species: Citrus sulcata Hort. ex. Tanaka
family: Rutaceae
reference: Toyoda, T., I. Nohara & T. Sato. 1993. Headspace analysis of volatile compounds from various citrus blossoms. Pages 205--220 in R. Teranishi, Buttery, R. G. & H. Sugisawa (eds.), Bioactive volatile compounds from plants, American Chemical Soc. Symp. Ser. 525, Washington, DC.
species: Citrus tachibana Tanaka
family: Rutaceae
reference: Toyoda, T., I. Nohara & T. Sato. 1993. Headspace analysis of volatile compounds from various citrus blossoms. Pages 205--220 in R. Teranishi, Buttery, R. G. & H. Sugisawa (eds.), Bioactive volatile compounds from plants, American Chemical Soc. Symp. Ser. 525, Washington, DC.
species: Rosa hybrida L.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Kim, H.-J., K. Kim, N.-S. Kim & D.-S. Lee. 2000. Determination of floral fragrances of Rosa hybrida using solid-phase trapping-solvent extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J. Chromatography A, 902:389--404.
species: Victoria amazonica
family: Nymphaeaceae
reference: Bartsch, A. 1997. Botanische Kuriositäten aus der Urwald. Der Kanonkugelbaum und die Königliche Wasserlilie. Dragoco Report, 63--71.
species: Sauromatum guttatum Schott
family: Araceae
reference: Hadacek, F. & M. Weber. 2002. Club-shaped organs as additional osmophores within the Sauromatum inflorescence: odour analysis, ultrastructural changes and pollination aspects. Plant Biol. 4:367--383.
species: Daphne mezereum L.
family: Thymelaeaceae
reference: Andersson, S., L. A. Nilsson, I. Groth & G. Bergström. 2002. Floral scents in butterfly-pollinated plants: possible convergence in chemical composition. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 140:129--153.
species: Warszewiczia coccinea (Vahl) Kl.
family: Rubiaceae
reference: Andersson, S., L. A. Nilsson, I. Groth & G. Bergström. 2002. Floral scents in butterfly-pollinated plants: possible convergence in chemical composition. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 140:129--153.
species: Actaea sp.
family: Ranunculaceae
reference: Pellmyr, O., Groth, I. & G. Bergström. 1984. Comparative analysis of the floral odors of Actaea spicata and A. erythrocarpa (Ranunculaceae). Nov. Acta Reg. Soc. Scient. Upsaliensis. -Ser. V:C, 3:157--160.
species: Actaea sp.
family: Ranunculaceae
reference: Pellmyr, O., Bergström, G. & I. Groth. 1987. Floral fragrances in Actaea, using differential chromatograms to discern between floral and vegetative volatiles. Phytochemistry 26:1603--1606.
species: Rosa rugosa Thunb.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Dobson, H. E. M., Bergström, G. & I. Groth. 1990. Differences in floral fragrance chemistry between different parts of Rosa rugosa Thunb. (Rosaceaea). Israel J. Bot. 39:143--156.
species: Rosa sp.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Dobson, H. E. M., Bergström, J., Bergström, G. & I. Groth. 1987. Pollen and flower volatiles in two Rosa species. Phytochemistry 26:3171--3173.
species: Osmanthus fragrans Lour.
family: Oleaceae
reference: Mookherjee, B. D., Trenkle, R. W. & R. A. Wilson. 1990. The chemistry of flowers, fruits and spices: live vs. dead a new dimension in fragrance research. Pure Appl. Chem. 62:1357--1364.
species: Moneses uniflora (L.) A. Gray
family: Ericaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & L. Tollsten. 1991. Floral scent and intrafloral scent differentiation in Moneses and Pyrola (Pyrolaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 177:81--91.
species: Platanthera bifolia (L.) Rich.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Nilsson, L. A. 1985. Characteristics and distribution of intermediate between Platanthera bifolia and P. chlorantha (Orchidaceae) in the Nordic countries. Nord. J. Bot. 5:407--419.
species: Platanthera bifolia (L.) Rich.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Tollsten, L. & J. Bergström. 1989. Variation and post-pollination changes in floral odours released by Platanthera bifolia (Orchidaceae). Nord. J. Bot. 9:359--362.
species: Ophrys sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Borg-Karlson, A.-K., G. Bergström & I. Groth. 1985. Chemical basis for the relationship between Ophrys orchids and their pollinators. I. Volatile compounds of Ophrys lutea and. O. fusca as insect mimetic attractants/excitants. Chemica Scripta 25:283--294.
species: Ophrys sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Borg-Karlson, A.-K. & I. Groth. 1986. Volatiles from the flowers of four species in the sections Arachnitiformes and Araneiferae of the genus Ophrys as insect mimetic attractants. Phytochemistry 25:1297--1299.
species: Rosa sp.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Sirikulvadhana, S., W. G. Jennings & G. Vogel. 1975. Collection of flower aroma concentrates for gas chromatographic analysis. Flavours Food Addit. 6:126--128.
species: Rosa chinensis
family: Rosaceae
reference: Bu, X., A. Huang, Y. Sun, Z. Wu & M. Liu. 1987. Essence constituents of Rosa chinensis flower. Acta Bot. Sin. 29:297--301.
species: Cochleanthes sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Gerlach, G. & R. Schill. 1991. Composition of orchid scents attracting euglossine bees. Bot. Acta 104:379--391.
species: Rosa setate x rugosa
family: Rosaceae
reference: Chen, Y., Z. Li & H. Li. 1987. Analysis of fragrance volatiles of fresh flowers by pre-column absorption and GC/MS. Chromatographia 23:502--506.
species: Epidendrum ciliare L.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & L. Tollsten. 1993. Trends in floral scent chemistry in pollination syndromes: floral scent composition in moth taxa. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 113:263--284.
species: Brugmansia suaveolens (Willd.) Bercht. & Presl.
family: Solanaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & L. Tollsten. 1993. Trends in floral scent chemistry in pollination syndromes: floral scent composition in moth taxa. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 113:263--284.
species: Epidendrum ciliare L.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Moya, S. & J. D. Ackerman. 1993. Variation in the floral fragrance of Epidendrum ciliare (Orchidaceae). Nord. J. Bot. 13:41--47.
species: Victoria amazonica x cruziana
family: Nymphaeaceae
reference: Kite, G., T. Reynolds & G. T. Prance. 1991. Potential pollinator-attracting chemicals from Victoria (Nymphaeaceae). Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 19:535--540.
species: Gustavia longifolia Poeppig ex. Berg
family: Lecythidaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & S. A. Mori. 1996. Floral scents and pollination in neotropical Lecythidaceae. Biotropica 28:42--60.
species: Couroupita guianensis Aublet
family: Lecythidaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. & S. A. Mori. 1996. Floral scents and pollination in neotropical Lecythidaceae. Biotropica 28:42--60.
species: Angelica archangelica L. ssp. litoralis (Fr.) Thell
family: Apiaceae
reference: Tollsten, L., J. T. Knudsen & L. G. Bergström. 1994. Floral scent in generalistic Angelica (Apiaceae) - an adaptive character?. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 22:161--169.
species: Angelica archangelica L. ssp. archangelica
family: Apiaceae
reference: Tollsten, L., J. T. Knudsen & L. G. Bergström. 1994. Floral scent in generalistic Angelica (Apiaceae) - an adaptive character?. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 22:161--169.
species: Rosa sp.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Brunke, E.-J., F.-J. Hammerschmidt & G. Schmaus. 1992. L'analyse headspace des fragrances de fleurs. Dragoco Report 39:3--31.
species: Agastache foeniculum
family: Lamiaceae
reference: Wilson, L. A., N. P. Senechal & M. P. Widrlechner. 1992. Headspace analysis of the volatile oils of Agastache. J. Agric. Food Chem. 40:1362--1366.
species: Malus silvestris (L.) Mill.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Buchbauer, G., L. Jirovetz, M. Wasicky & A. Nikiforov. 1993. Headspace and essential oil analysis of apple flowers. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41:116--118.
species: Rosa sp.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Brunke, E.-J., F.-J. Hammerschmidt & G. Schmaus. 1992. Scent of roses—recent results. Flav. Fragr. J. 7:195--198.
species: Angraecum sesquipedale Thours
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. On the scents of orchids. Pages 240--268 in R. Teranishi, R., Buttery, R. G. & Sugisawa, H. (eds.), Bioactive volatile compounds from plants, American Chemical Soc. Symp. Ser. 525, Washington, DC.
species: Masdevallia laucheana
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. 1993. On the scents of orchids. Pages 240--268 in R. Teranishi, R., Buttery, R. G. & Sugisawa, H. (eds.), Bioactive volatile compounds from plants, American Chemical Soc. Symp. Ser. 525, Washington, DC.
species: Platanthera sp.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Tollsten, L. & G. Bergström. 1993. Fragrance chemotypes of Platanthera (Orchidaceae) - the result of adaptation to pollinating moths?. Nord. J. Bot. 13:607--613.
species: Platanthera bifolia (L.) Rich.
family: Orchidaceae
reference: Tollsten, L. 1993. A multivariate aproach to post-pollination changes in the floral scent of Platanthera bifolia (Orchidaceae). Nord. J. Bot. 13:495--499.
species: Lonicera japonica Thunb.
family: Caprifoliaceae
reference: Ikeda, N., M. Ishihara, T. Tseneya, M. Kawakita, M. Yoshihara, Y. Suzuki, R. Komaki & M. Inui. 1994. Volatile components of Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica Thunb.) flowers. Flav. Fragr. J. 9:325--331.
species: Selenicereus grandiflorus Britton & Rose
family: Cactaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. & L. Tollsten. 1995. An introduction to the scent of Cacti. Flav. Fragr. J. 10:153--164.
species: Selenicereus hamatus Britton & Rose
family: Cactaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. & L. Tollsten. 1995. An introduction to the scent of Cacti. Flav. Fragr. J. 10:153--164.
species: Discocactus silicicola Buining & Brederoo
family: Cactaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. & L. Tollsten. 1995. An introduction to the scent of Cacti. Flav. Fragr. J. 10:153--164.
species: Harrisia adscendens Britton & Rose
family: Cactaceae
reference: Kaiser, R. & L. Tollsten. 1995. An introduction to the scent of Cacti. Flav. Fragr. J. 10:153--164.
species: Magnolia tamaulipana
family: Magnoliaceae
reference: Azuma, H., Y. Toyota, Y. Asakawa, R. Yamaoka, J. G. Garcia-Franco, G. Dieringer, L. B. Thien & S. Kawano. 1997. Chemical divergence in floral scents of Magnolia and allied genera (Magnoliaceae). Pl. Spec. Biol. 12:69--83.
species: Geonoma macrostachys pop. small
family: Arecaceae
reference: Knudsen, J. T. 1999. Floral scent chemistry in geonomoid palms (Palmae: Geonomeae) and its importance in maintaining reproductive isolation. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83:141--168.
species: Arum creticum Boiss. & Held.
family: Araceae
reference: Kite, G. C., W. L. A. Hetterscheid, M. J. Lewis, P. C. Boyce, J. Ollerton, E. Cocklin, A. Diaz & M. S. J. Simmonds. 1998. Inflorescence odours and pollinators of Arum and Amorphophallus (Araceae). Pages 295--315 in S. J. Owens & P. J. Rudall (eds.), Reproductive biology. Royal Botanic Garden
species: Citrus grandis Osbeck
family: Rutaceae
reference: Toyoda, T., I. Nohara & T. Sato. 1993. Headspace analysis of volatile compounds from various citrus blossoms. Pages 205--220 in R. Teranishi, Buttery, R. G. & H. Sugisawa (eds.), Bioactive volatile compounds from plants, American Chemical Soc. Symp. Ser. 525, Washington, DC.
species: Citrus hassaku Hort. ex. Y Tanaka
family: Rutaceae
reference: Toyoda, T., I. Nohara & T. Sato. 1993. Headspace analysis of volatile compounds from various citrus blossoms. Pages 205--220 in R. Teranishi, Buttery, R. G. & H. Sugisawa (eds.), Bioactive volatile compounds from plants, American Chemical Soc. Symp. Ser. 525, Washington, DC.
species: Citrus iyo Hort. ex. Tanaka
family: Rutaceae
reference: Toyoda, T., I. Nohara & T. Sato. 1993. Headspace analysis of volatile compounds from various citrus blossoms. Pages 205--220 in R. Teranishi, Buttery, R. G. & H. Sugisawa (eds.), Bioactive volatile compounds from plants, American Chemical Soc. Symp. Ser. 525, Washington, DC.
species: Rosa sp.
family: Rosaceae
reference: Flament, I., C. Debonneville& A. Furrer. 1993. Volatile constituents of roses. Characterization of cultivars based on the headspace analysis of living flower emissions. Pages 269--281in R. Teranishi, Buttery, R. G. & Sugisawa, H. (eds.), Bioactive volatile compounds from plants. American Che
molecular weight: 152.23